Sugars in the Australian diet: results from the 1995 National Nutrition Survey

Citation metadata

Authors: Lynne Cobiac, Sally Record, Phil Leppard, Julie Syrette and Ingrid Flight
Date: Sept. 2003
From: Nutrition & Dietetics: The Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia(Vol. 60, Issue 3)
Publisher: Dietitians Association of Australia
Document Type: Article
Length: 10,726 words

Main content

Abstract :

Objective: To estimate the dietary intakes of total, added and natural sugars (monosaccharides and disaccharides) for both adults and children, and to characterise differences between low, moderate and high consumers of these sugars. Design: The 1995 National Nutrition Survey is a cross-sectional study using 24-hour dietary recall methodology. Subjects: 3441 children aged two to 18 years; 10 417 adults aged 19 years and over (weighted sample count). Setting: Australian population sampled nationally. Main outcome measures: Intakes of total, added and natural sugars; food sources of each type of sugar; tertiles of intake density (%E) of each sugar; characterisation of respondents in each sugars tertile in relation to food and nutrient density (per 1000 kJ), percentage of children and adults with intakes below 70% of the RDI; differences in BMI, blood pressure, exercise, and self-reported health status. Statistical analyses: Linear regression analyses were conducted separately for boys, girls, men and women to test for differences in nutrient and food intake densities across the tertiles. Associations between sugars intakes and BMI were investigated with linear and logistic regressions after adjusting for age, exercise level, total energy intake and whether of not individuals were on a weight-reducing diet or classified as an under-reporter. Similar regressions were performed with systolic and diastolic blood pressures, exercise and self-reported health status. Results: Total, added and natural sugars contributed 22%, 11.2% and 10.5% respectively to total energy intake for the whole population. Non-alcoholic beverages were the major sources of total and added sugars; and milk and fruit products of natural sugars. The only consistent evidence of nutrient dilution (zinc, iron, magnesium) with higher intakes of sugar was observed for women when intakes were in the upper tertiles (27%E from total and 17%E from added sugars). No significant associations were found between sugars intakes and health variables. Conclusion: Women consuming very high sugar diets may be increasing their risk of inadequate intakes of some nutrients that are already marginal. Children and men appeared to be at less risk. Intakes of sugars appeared to be poor predictors of health variables. Key words: sugar consumption, added sugars, natural sugars, dietary intakes, National Nutrition Survey, nutrition status, Australia

Source Citation

Source Citation
Cobiac, Lynne, et al. "Sugars in the Australian diet: results from the 1995 National Nutrition Survey." Nutrition & Dietetics: The Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia, vol. 60, no. 3, Sept. 2003, pp. 152+. Accessed 28 May 2022.

Gale Document Number: GALE|A110074627