Spirituality, disability and chronic illness

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Author: Carlos A. Reyes-Ortiz
Date: Oct. 2006
From: Southern Medical Journal(Vol. 99, Issue 10)
Publisher: Southern Medical Association
Document Type: Article
Length: 762 words

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Religious coping is the most widely used spiritual resource that older people utilize to deal with illness and stressful life events. Religious coping behaviors include two major dimensions, organizational and intrinsic. (1,2) Organizational religiousness includes church attendance and religious group participation. Intrinsic religiousness includes faith in God, prayer, reading of scriptures, and religious attitudes. Both religious dimensions, by providing spiritual identity, social support, life meaning, life satisfaction, and a sense of hope, buffer stress and enhance coping.

A great number of older adults report that they cope with health problems, disability and related stressors--even hospital stressors-primarily through religious beliefs and behaviors. In a study of older hospitalized (geriatric unit) or institutionalized (nursing home) patients, Ayele and colleagues reported that 86% of patients used religion as a coping resource for medical illness and disability. (1) Among those patients who use religious activities, 98% prayed, 94% put their faith in God, 75% read the Bible, 38% were active with church friends, and 19% attended church activities. In another study including disabled or medically ill older patients admitted to the general medicine, cardiology or neurology services, Koenig reported that 53.4% of patients attended...

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Source Citation
Reyes-Ortiz, Carlos A. "Spirituality, disability and chronic illness." Southern Medical Journal, vol. 99, no. 10, Oct. 2006, pp. 1172+. Accessed 20 May 2022.

Gale Document Number: GALE|A155098600