Generalized arterial calcification of infancy: treatment with bisphosphonates

Citation metadata

Authors: Kim A. Ramjan, Tony Roscioli, Frank Rutsch, David Sillence and Craig F.J. Munns
Date: Mar. 2009
From: Nature Clinical Practice Endocrinology & Metabolism(Vol. 5, Issue 3)
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Document Type: Case study
Length: 3,155 words

Main content

Abstract :

Background A baby girl developed respiratory distress immediately after birth and required supplemental oxygen. She was born at term via lower-segment cesarean section. The parents were nonconsanguineous, and antenatal ultrasonography during the pregnancy at 18 and 32 weeks of gestation did not reveal any abnormalities. On examination at birth, no pulses were palpable; however, the baby's blood pressure was normal and no remarkable abnormalities were detected. Ultrasonography revealed widespread arterial calcification. Investigations Chest and abdominal radiography at birth and serial abdominal, renal and cardiac ultrasonography at follow-up examinations; dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry during treatment with bisphosphonates; genetic screening. Diagnosis Generalized arterial calcification of infancy, secondary to compound, heterozygous mutations in the ENPP1 gene, pL661V and pE668K of the paternal chromosome, and pN792S in the maternal chromosome. Management Low-dose disodium pamidronate (0.1 mg/kg per week for 4 weeks), which commenced on the seventh day after birth and was changed to oral risedronate sodium (1 mg/kg per week as a single dose) at 4 weeks of age. Complete resolution of arterial calcification was seen by 3 months of age. At 12 months, ergocalciferol was added at a dose of 5,000 U daily for 6 weeks, followed by 200 U daily owing to the patient's vitamin D deficiency and elevated parathyroid hormone level. Treatment with bisphosphonates is ongoing, but is planned to be discontinued at 3 years of age. The child has remained healthy and developmentally normal. KEYWORDS bisphosphonates, compound heterozygous mutation, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, generalized arterial calcification

Source Citation

Source Citation
Ramjan, Kim A., et al. "Generalized arterial calcification of infancy: treatment with bisphosphonates." Nature Clinical Practice Endocrinology & Metabolism, vol. 5, no. 3, Mar. 2009, pp. 167+. Accessed 30 Sept. 2022.

Gale Document Number: GALE|A197491519