Ozellikler teorisi cercevesinde Turkiye'deki kadin girisimcilerin profili

Citation metadata

Authors: Yonca Gurol and Asli Tunc Yildirim
Date: June 2007
From: Kadin/Woman 2000(Vol. 8, Issue 1)
Publisher: Eastern Mediterranean University
Document Type: Report
Length: 5,465 words

Main content

Article Preview :

Oz

Gunumuzde gelisen teknoloji ve endustrilesme ile birlikte her gecen gun calisma hayatina katilan kadin sayisinda artis olmakta ve Turkiye' de kendi isini yapan kadinlar gittikce cogalmaktadir. Bu artisla kadinlar hem toplumsal ekonomiye katki saglamakta, hem de basarilari ile hemcinslerine rol-model olmaktadirlar. Kadinlarin girisimciligi tercih etme nedenleri; calistiklari isyerinde karsilastiklari zorluklar, terfi engelleri, dusuk maas, cocuk sahibi olduktan sonra part-time calisma istegi ve aile ekonomisine katkida bulunma istegi seklinde aciklanabilir. Gunumuzde ozellikle ulke nufusunun yaklasik yarisini olusturan kadinlarin bagimsiz girisimci olma nedenlerinin arastirilmasi onemli hale gelmektedir. Bu calismada, kadin girisimcilerin kisilik ozellikleri ve bunlarin girisim kurmaya etkisi incelenecek ve incelemede Ozellikler Teorisinden yararlanilacaktir. Ozellikler Teorisinin uygulandigi calismalarda, girisimcinin kim oldugu, neden girisimci oldugu ve basarili ve basarisiz girisimciligin nedenleri uzerinde durulmaktadir. Bu calismada alti kisilik ozelligi kadin girisimcilerin profilini tanimlamak icin kullanilmistir. Bunlar; basarma ihtiyaa, kontrol odagi, risk alma, belirsizlkge tolerans, yenilik ve kendine guvendir. Yapilan bircok arastirma kadin girisimcilerin, girisimcilik tercihlerinde bu ozelliklerin etkili oldugunu gostermektedir. Calismanin arastirma kisminda da Turkiye'deki Kagider'e uye kadin girisimcilerin bu ozelliklere sahip olup olmadiklari ve girisimciligi tercih etmelerinde bu ozelliklerin etkisi olup olmadigi arastirilmistir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Kadin girisimcilik, basari ihtiyaci, kontrol odagi, risk alma, belirsizlige tolerans, yenilik, kendine guven.

The profile of Women Entrepreneurs in Turkey: Personal Characteristics Model

Abstract

With today's developing technology and industrialization, each day there is an increase in the number of women participating in business life, and the number of women who start their own business gradually rises in Turkey. As such, women both contribute to social economy and become role-models to other women with their achievements. Among the reasons why women prefer entrepreneurship are the difficulties they face in the work environment, glass ceiling issues, low wage, the desire to work part-time after giving birth, and the desire to contribute to family economics. Investigating the reasons that lead women to entrepreneurship has recently gained greater importance. In this study, the personal characteristics of women entrepreneurs, and the influence these create on women's preferring entrepreneurship will be investigated, through the lens of the Trait Model. Studies that use the Trait Model examine who the entrepreneur is, why he/she becomes one, and what makes an entrepreneur successful. In this study, six personality characteristics are used to define the entrepreneurial profile of women. These are need for achievement, locus of control, risk taking propensity, tolerance for ambiguity, innovativeness and self-confidence. Most studies in the literature cite these characteristics as important in preferring entrepreneurship. In the empirical part of the study, the characteristics of Turkish women entrepreneurs who are members of Kagider, and the effects of these characteristics on women preferring entrepreneurship are investigated.

Keywords: Women entrepreneurship, need for achievement, Iocus of control, risk taking, tolerance for ambiguity, innovativeness, self-confidence.

Giris

Turkiye'de son 10-15 yildir, yuksek egitimli ve is yasamina girmis kadin girisimci sayisi hizli bir artis gostermektedir. Rakamlar da kadin girisimciliginde pozitif anlamda gelismeler oldugunu gostermektedir (Beduk, 2005: 108). Turkiye'de 1980 yilinda serbest pazar ekonomisine gecis girisimci hareketleri arttirmistir (Gurol ve Aydinlik, 2008). Devletin ekonomi icindeki rolu kuculerek ozel sektorun...

Source Citation

Source Citation
Gurol, Yonca, and Asli Tunc Yildirim. "Ozellikler teorisi cercevesinde Turkiye'deki kadin girisimcilerin profili." Kadin/Woman 2000, vol. 8, no. 1, June 2007, pp. 43+. Accessed 27 Oct. 2021.
  

Gale Document Number: GALE|A226729890