Childbirth education models and current approaches/Doguma hazirlik egitimi modelleri ve guncel yaklasimlar

Citation metadata

Authors: Guuz Onat Bayram and Nevin Hotun Sahin
Date: Sept. 2010
From: Journal of Education and Research in Nursing(Vol. 7, Issue 3)
Publisher: KARE Publishing
Document Type: Article
Length: 4,176 words

Main content

Abstract :

There is a gap in current and accurate information related to self-care in pre-peri and postpartum stages of childbirth. In recent years, parents and the media have increasingly shown interest in prenatal education and antenatal education, also called childbirth education. Formal childbirth education consists of basic information regarding the preparation for childbirth. It focuses on newborn care, parenthood and the childbirth event as a "natural" process. Childbirth education has existed for over 50 years and many education models have been developed since then. The most well known of these are the Lamaze and Bradley models. Some newer models have also emerged: "HypnoBirthing", "Mindfulness-Based Childbirth Education" and "Birthing from Within". In this article the scope of childbirth education models are discussed New approaches are presented in order for the participant to enjoy childbirth education class. Studies related to the effectiveness of antenatal education programs are examined. The benefits of prenatal education programs are listed according to the findings of these studies. Today these education programs are underdeveloped in Turkey and they are not applied within the scope of any model. Midwives and nurses should fill the gap by creating diversifying and universalizing training programs based on scientific principles. Key words: Prenatal education; antenatal education; childbirth education models. Gunumuzde gerek bilincli ailelerin gerekse medyanin gebelik sureci, dogum, dogum sonu donem deneyimi ve yenidoganin bakimina iliskin dogru ve guncel bilgi arayisi, dogum oncesi hazirlik siniflarina olan ilgiyi artirmistir. Formal dogum egitimi, dogumun "dogal" bir surec olmasi, yenidogan bakimi ve ebeveynlik konulan uzerine odaklanmis ve dogum konusunda temel hazirlik olusturmak uzere yapilanmistir. Elli yili askin bir suredir devamliligini koruyan formal dogum egitiminde, zaman icinde cesitli egitim modelleri gelismistir. En cok bilinenler "Lamaze" ve "Bradlay Metodu" olup son yillarda "HynoBirthing-Mongan Metodu", "Farkindaliga Dayali Dogum Hazirligi (Mindfulness-Based)" ve "England (Birthing from Within)" olarak isimlendirilen yontemlerdir. Bu derlemede, doguma hazirlik egitiminde yukarida adi gecen modellerin kapsam ve icerikleri tartisilmis, antenatal egitim programlarinin etkinliginin degerlendirildigi calismalar incelenmis ve dogum oncesi egitim programlarinin faydalari siralanmistir. Ozellikle ulkemizde henuz gelisim asamasinda olan ve yukarida bahsedilen herhangi bir model kapsaminda uygulanmayan doguma hazirlik egitim programlarinin bilimsel temellere dayanarak olusturulmasi, cesitlendirilmesi ve yayginlastirilmasi konusunda ebe ve hemsirelerin dolduracagi pek cok bosluk bulunmaktadir. Anahtar sozcukler: Antenatal egitim; dogum oncesi egitim; doguma hazirlik egitim modelleri.

Source Citation

Source Citation
Bayram, Guuz Onat, and Nevin Hotun Sahin. "Childbirth education models and current approaches/Doguma hazirlik egitimi modelleri ve guncel yaklasimlar." Journal of Education and Research in Nursing, vol. 7, no. 3, Sept. 2010, pp. 36+. Accessed 24 Jan. 2022.
  

Gale Document Number: GALE|A284450339