Intestinal obstruction and abdominal compartment syndrome secondary to colitis cystica profunda: Case report and review of the literature

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Authors: Luis Andrade, Juan Chavez, Jaime Ramos, Javier Rivera, Humberto Ibarra and Alicia Alvarez
Date: April-June 2016
From: Translational Surgery(Vol. 1, Issue 2)
Publisher: Medknow Publications and Media Pvt. Ltd.
Document Type: Clinical report
Length: 1,411 words

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Byline: Luis. Andrade, Juan. Chavez, Jaime. Ramos, Javier. Rivera, Humberto. Ibarra, Alicia. Alvarez, Eduardo. Duarte, Adriana. Mendoza, Juan. Carrillo, Carlos. Rodriguez, Eligio. Margarita, Arsenio. Delgado

Colitis cystica profunda is a rare pathology with approximately 200 cases reported in the literature. This entity is characterized by a slow, asymptomatic evolution and when finally recognized, confusion with a malignant tumor with subsequent application of unnecessary therapies or surgical resections is frequent. We present the case of a 41-year-old male with 7-day evolution ultimately presenting to the emergency room with abdominal pain. At physical examination, he was dehydrated with severe abdominal pain, tachycardia and tachypnea, abdominal distention, without bowel sounds, "wood abdomen" with clearly acute abdomen signs, and anuria for 48 h. The patient required mechanical ventilation secondary to abdominal restriction with severe metabolic acidosis. The situation of hemoglobin (14.5 mg/dL), hematocrit (38), leukocytes (18,500/mm [sup][3] with 89% neutrophils), platelets (257,000), creatinine (2.1 mg/dL), glucose (230 mg/dL), and normal clotting times were included in the laboratory reports. The diagnosis was intestinal obstruction, abdominal compartment syndrome, and septic and hypovolemic shock. At exploratory laparotomy, we found a sigmoidal tumor totally occluding the lumen with severe dilatation of the proximal colon and haustral tearing with ischemia. Totally, 2 m of ileum showed necrotic patches secondary to compartment syndrome and compression to the abdominal wall. A total colectomy and resection of 2 m of ileum with ileostomy and Hartmann's procedure were completed. The pathology examination reported colitis cystica profunda without atypia. After 3 weeks and stoma remodelation, the patient was discharged. This benign lesion could be treated with less aggressive procedures. With the correct pathological diagnosis, a better treatment with excellent prognosis could have resulted.


Colitis cystica profunda is a rare benign disease, generally localized to the colon and rectum. Approximately, 200 cases have been reported in the literature. Colitis cystica profunda usually presents with nonspecific symptoms, most commonly mucorrhea, abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, tenesmus, and constipation; these nonspecific symptoms are frequently misdiagnosed or confused with a malignant neoplasm, sometimes resulting in unnecessary surgical resections or other treatments.

Case Report

We present the case of a 41-year-old...

Source Citation

Source Citation
Andrade, Luis, et al. "Intestinal obstruction and abdominal compartment syndrome secondary to colitis cystica profunda: Case report and review of the literature." Translational Surgery, vol. 1, no. 2, 2016, p. 51. Accessed 2 Aug. 2021.

Gale Document Number: GALE|A488639694