Knee osteoarthritis and arthroplasty of the knee joint/Osteoartritis kolena I artroplastika kolena

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Authors: Aleksandar Lazetic, Mirka Lukic Sarkanovic, Dragan Savic, Oliver Dulic, Srdan Radic and Mirko Obradovic
Date: Dec. 1, 2016
From: Medicinski Pregled(Vol. 69, Issue S1.)
Publisher: Drustvo Lekara Vojvodine
Document Type: Report
Length: 3,232 words
Abstract :

According to the Public Health Institute of Vojvodina one of the main causes of morbidity, invalidity and absence from work in Vojvodina are musculoskeletal diseases. Osteoarthritis is a multifactorial joint disease, with catabolism and inflammation in its background. For radiological classification of knee osteoarthritis stage Kellgren-Lawrence scale is used. It consists of five levels, from stage "0" to stage "4". The goal of osteoarthritis treatment is to reduce pain and muscle spasms, improve limb function, prevent joint contractures and train patients to function in everyday life and professional activities. The therapy is divided into conservative (medical and physical) and surgical. Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure that involves destruction of articular surfaces and replacement of degenerative joints with endoprostheses, which result in increased general and working ability. Modern endoprostheses enable a high success rate of the procedure. At the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Clinical Center of Vojvodina in Novi Sad, the first knee aloarthroplasty was performed in 1989. Since then, more than 3000 knee aloarthroplasties have been done. Clinical patient evaluation was obtained through subjective status, functional evaluation and use of scoring systems. More than 80% of patients had a good or a great score. Key words: Osteoarthritis, Knee; Knee Joint; Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee; Treatment Outcome; Disability Evaluation; Recovery of Function Iz podataka Instituta za javno zdravlje Voj vodine, jedan od glavnih uzroka morbiditeta, invaliditeta i odsustvovanja sa radnog mesta u Vojvodini jesu bolesti kostano-zglobnog sistema. Osteoartroza je bolest zglobova vise uzroka, povezanih sa kaskadom katabolickih i inflamatornih procesa. Za radiolosku klasifikaciju stadijuma osteoartritisa kolena koristi se Kelgrin-Lorens (Kellgren-Lawrence) skala koja ima pet nivoa, od stadijuma 0 do stadijuma 4. Cilj lecenja osteoartroza je smanjenje bola i misicnog spazma; poboljsanje funkcije ekstremiteta, sprecavanje kontrakture zglobova i osposobljavanje bolesnika. Terapija se deli na nehirursku (medikamentnu i fizikalnu) i hirursku. Aloartroplastika je operativni zahvat pri kome se zglobovi, sa destrukcijom zglobnih povrsina, zamenjuju endoprotezama, sto rezultira poboljsanjem zivotne i radne sposobnosti bolesnika. Savremene endoproteze omogucuju izuzetno visok procenat uspesnosti procedure. Na Klinici za ortopedsku hirurgiju i traumatologiju, Klinickog centra Vojvodine uNovom Sadu, prva aloartroplasticna ugradnja totalne proteze kolena uradena je 1989. godine i do 2016. godine operisano je preko 3 000 artroplastika kolena. Klinicka evaluacija pacijenata dobijena je na osnovu subjektivnog statusa, funkcionalnog nalaza i koriscenjem bodovnih sistema. Obradom navedenih podataka, iznad 80[degrees] o pacijenata imalo je dobar i odlican rezultat. Kljucne reci: osteoartritis kolena; zglob kolena; artroplastika kolena; ishod lecenja; procena nesposobnosti

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Source Citation   (MLA 8th Edition)
Lazetic, Aleksandar, et al. "Knee osteoarthritis and arthroplasty of the knee joint/Osteoartritis kolena I artroplastika kolena." Medicinski Pregled, vol. 69, no. S1, 2016, p. 41+. Gale Academic Onefile, Accessed 23 Sept. 2019.

Gale Document Number: GALE|A490127250