Anthropometric characteristics and functional capacity of elite rowers and handball players/ Antropometrijske karakteristike I funkcionalne sposobnosti vrhunskih veslaca i rukometasa

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Authors: Dea Karaba Jakovljevic, Gordana Jovanovic, Mirela Eric, Aleksandar Klasnja, Danijel Slavic and Damir Lukac
Date: September-October 2016
From: Medicinski Pregled(Vol. 69, Issue 9-10)
Publisher: Drustvo Lekara Vojvodine
Document Type: Report
Length: 4,281 words
Abstract :

Introduction. Anthropometric and anaerobic profile of elite athletes are fundamental for the assessment of their respective performance. The present study was designed to evaluate the anthropometric parameters, body composition and anaerobic characteristics of elite male handball players and rowers, and to compare them in relation to specific sport demands. Material and Methods. The study group consisted of 41 elite national level athletes: 20 handball players (aged 23.7 [+ or -] 3.72) and 21 rowers (aged 19.7 [+ or -] 2.84). Anthropometric characteristics (body mass, body height, skinfold thickness, body circumferences), and body fat mass were evaluated, and Wingate anaerobic test for anaerobic power assessment was applied. Results. The significant differences were noted in chest, upper arm, waist and hip circumferences, and supraspinal and calf skinfolds between the two investigated groups. Rowers showed higher values of fat body mass (13.2 [+ or -] 3.76 vs. 10.7 [+ or -] 3.76[degrees] b), but lower body mass index (22.0 [+ or -] 1,92 vs. 25.7 [+ or -] 2.31 kg/[m.sup.2]) compared to handball players. When analyzing the Wingate test parameters, significantly higher values of absolute anaerobic power (786 [+ or -] 127 vs. 691 [+ or -] 140 W), absolute explosive power in the handball players compared to the rowers were recorded (118+26.3 vs. 105 [+ or -] 27.8 W/s), while rowers achieved higher relative anaerobic capacity (192 [+ or -] 31.2 vs. 177 [+ or -] 20.8 J/ kg). Conclusion. Specific body composition and anthropometrical assessment as a part of morphological analysis should complement physiological profile of elite athletes. The analysis of the anaerobic performance shows that the handball players have greater alactic anaerobic and explosive power component, compared to the rowers in whom the anaerobic endurance and specific training have the greatest effect on the consumption of dominant metabolic substrate during the race. Key words: Anthropometry; Athletes; Anaerobic Threshold; Body Composition; Athletic Performance; Exercise Test; Body Fat Distribution; Muscle Strength Uvod. Analiza antropometrijskog i anaerobnog profila vrhunskih sportista je od fundamentalnog znacaja za procenu njihovih funkcionalnih sposobnosti. Cilj ovog istrazivanja bio je evaluacija antropometrijskih parametara, telesne kompozicije i anaerobnih sposobnosti kod vrhunskih rukometasa i veslaca i njihovo poredenje u zavisnosti od specificnih zahteva sporta. Materijal i metode. Istrazivanje je sprovedeno u grupi od 41 vrhunskog sportiste: 20 rukometasa starosti 23,7 [+ or -] 3,72 godina i 21 veslaca starosti 19,7 [+ or -] 2,84 godina. Svim ispitanicima su izmereni antropometrijski parametri (telesna masa, telesna visina, debljine koznih nabora i telesni dijametri), a masna masa procenjena je metodom bioelektricne impedancije. Za analizu anaerobnih sposobnosti ispitanika primenjen je Vingejt (Wingate) anaerobni test kojim se dobijaju sledeci parametri: anaerobna snaga, eksplozivna snaga i anaerobni kapacitet. Rezultati. Statisticki znacajne razlike zabelezene su u vrednostima obima nadlaktice, struka i kukova i grudi, kao i u vrednostima supraspinalnog i koznog nabora potkolenice. Kod veslaca su utvrdene vise vrednosti masne mase tela (13,2 [+ or -] 3,76 vs. 10,7 [+ or -] 3,76%), ali nizi indeks telesne mase (22 [+ or -] 1,92 vs. 25,7 [+ or -] 2,31 kg/[m.sup.2]) u poredenju sa rukometasima. Poredeci rezultate Vingejt testa, statisticki znacajno vece vrednosti apsolutne anaerobne snage (786 + 127 vs. 691 + 140 W) i apsolutne eksplozivne snage zabelezene su kod rukometasa (118 [+ or -] 26,3 vs. 105 [+ or -] 27,8 W/s), dok su veslaci ostvarili vece vrednosti relativnog anaerobnog kapaciteta (192 [+ or -] 31,2 vs. 177 [+ or -] 20,8 J/kg). Zakljucak. Specificna analiza telesne kompozicije i antropometrijska analiza dopunjuju fizioloski profil vrhunskih sportista. Analizirajuci anaerobne sposobnosti, rukometasi posedujuizrazeniju alaktatnu anaerobnu i eksplozivnu snagu u poredenju sa veslacima, kod kojih anaerobna izdrzljivost i specificni trening najvise doprinose utrosku dominantnog metabolickog supstrata tokom trke. Kljucne reci: antropometrija; sportisti; anaerobni prag; sastav tela; sportski ucinak; vezbe, testovi; distribucija masnog tkiva; misicna snaga

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Source Citation
Jakovljevic, Dea Karaba, et al. "Anthropometric characteristics and functional capacity of elite rowers and handball players/ Antropometrijske karakteristike I funkcionalne sposobnosti vrhunskih veslaca i rukometasa." Medicinski Pregled, vol. 69, no. 9-10, 2016, p. 267+. Accessed 18 Feb. 2020.
  

Gale Document Number: GALE|A490127269