Fingerroot, Boesenbergia rotunda and its aphrodisiac activity

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Authors: Oranun Ongwisespaiboon and Wannee Jiraungkoorskul
Date: January-June 2017
From: Pharmacognosy Reviews(Vol. 11, Issue 21)
Publisher: Medknow Publications and Media Pvt. Ltd.
Document Type: Report
Length: 3,045 words

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Byline: Oranun. Ongwisespaiboon, Wannee. Jiraungkoorskul

Boesenbergia rotunda (Family: Zingiberaceae) as known as fingerroot is a daily food ingredient and traditional medicinal plant in Southeast Asia and Indo-China. It has been shown to possess anti-allergic, antibacterial, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiulcer activities and also shown wound healing. Its common phytochemical components include alkaloids, essential oils, flavonoids, and phenolics. This plant is rich in boesenbergin, krachaizin, panduratin, and pinostrobin, all of which has been reported to contribute to its remedial properties including aphrodisiac property. Based on established literature on the aphrodisiac property of B. rotunda and possible mode of action, this review article has attempted to compile that B. rotunda could be further explored for the development of potential aphrodisiac treatment.

Aphrodisiac Plants

Erectile dysfunction is a neurovascular disorder that affects the sexual life of men worldwide and also contributes to infertility.[sup][1] It occurs commonly in middle-aged and older men.[sup][2] Some complication diseases such as cardiovascular disorders, depression, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, or hypertension can course effect to erectile dysfunction.[sup][3] Aphrodisiac is described as any substance that can enhance sexual pleasure such as drugs, minerals, and medicinal plants.[sup][4],[5] Some of the medicinal plants have been provided as aphrodisiac plants by their mode of actions. (i) Those are increasing the quantity and quality of semen for example black cumin, Nigella sativa in Iran,[sup][6] and dragon blood tree, Dracaena draco in Nigeria.[sup][7] (ii) Those are delaying the time of ejaculation, for example, drumstick tree, Moringa oleifera in India,[sup][8] and bindii, Tribulus terrestris in Singapore.[sup][9] (iii) Those are increasing penile erection, for example, creeping butea, Butea superba in Thailand,[sup][10] and Aspidosperma ulei in Brazil.[sup][11] (iv) Those are arousing sexual desire, for example, cattle stick, Carpolobia lutea in Nigeria.[sup][12] The present review explores scientific evidence to provide updated information about the properties of Boesenbergia rotunda , one of the aphrodisiac plants that is being investigated for its mechanism.

Taxonomical Classification

The taxonomy of B. rotunda is in the Kingdom: Plantae ; Subkingdom: Viridiplantae ; Infrakingdom: Streptophyta ; Superdivision: Embryophyta ; Division: Tracheophyta ; Subdivision: Spermatophytina ; Class: Magnoliopsida ; Superorder: Liliane ; Order: Zingiberales ; Family: Zingiberaceae ; Genus: Boesenbergia ; Species: B. rotunda .[sup][13] The plant genus Boesenbergia is a ginger species belonging to the family of Zingiberaceae , which is comprised almost fifty genera and over 1000 species distributed throughout tropical and subtropical regions. It was previously categorized under the Kaempferia genus. This plant has different botanical names which are Boesenbergia cochinchinensis , Boesenbergia pandurata , Curcuma rotunda , Gastrochilus panduratus , Gastrochilus rotundus , Kaempferia cochinchinensis , Kaempferia ovate , and Kaempferia pandurata ; nonetheless, it is currently known as B. rotunda .[sup][14]

Nomenclature

B. rotunda is a native of the tropics areas, particularly in South and Southeast Asia and China. The rhizome is finger look-like appearance, so its common English name is fingerroot. The vernacular names of B. rotunda include ao chun jiang (Chinese); temoe koentji (Dutch); petits doigts (French); fingerwurz (German); temu kunci (Indonesian); gajutu (Japanese); khchiey (Khmer); neng kieng (Lao); temu...

Source Citation

Source Citation
Ongwisespaiboon, Oranun, and Wannee Jiraungkoorskul. "Fingerroot, Boesenbergia rotunda and its aphrodisiac activity." Pharmacognosy Reviews, vol. 11, no. 21, Jan.-June 2017, p. 27. Accessed 27 Oct. 2021.
  

Gale Document Number: GALE|A490603366