The study was conducted on sixteen (16) eyes of ten (10) dogs suffering from protrusion of gland of third eyelid (Cherry eye). The condition was managed either by excision of gland or by its replacement by conjunctival pocket technique or by anchoring to the orbital periosteum. One of the dogs treated by excision developed keratoconjunctivitis sicca, whereas the third eye lid got fixed with restricted movement in a dog treated by anchoring technique.
Keywords: Cherry eye; excision; keratoconjunctivitis sicca; pocket
Cherry eye is protrusion of gland of third eyelid characterized by glandular exposition at the medial canthus, hyperaemia and increase in gland volume. Some authors have described cherry eye condition is due to poor development of the connective tissue located between the base of the gland and the periorbital tissue (Kaswan and Martin, 1985; Stanley and Kaswan, 1994). Breed and genetic predisposition is also documents (Moore, 1983; Jones and Bedford, 1997). A number of surgical techniques are available for treatment of prolapse of gland of third eyelid such as excising or replacing the prolapsed gland. The gland can be replaced by pocket technique (Morgan et al., 1993), anchoring technique (Kaswan and Martin, 1985) and other modified techniques, the choice of adopting a specific technique depends on skill and experience of surgeon. The study was conducted with an objective to evaluate some of these techniques for the treatment of protrusion of gland of third eyelid in dogs.
Material and Methods
The study was conducted on ten dogs brought with complaint of unilateral (4) or bilateral (6) protrusion of gland of third eye lid (cherry eye), involving a total of 16 eyes. All owners had the complaint of visible pinkish mass appearing at medial canthus of one or both the eyes since few days to six months. All dogs were less than one year of age. Clinical examination revealed protrusion of gland of third eyelid in all cases. All cases were managed under general anaesthesia as under.
One case of unilateral, three cases of bilateral and one eye of a bilateral cherry eye (total 8 eyes) were managed by surgical excision of gland of third eyelid (Fig. 1 and 2). After holding the conjunctiva over the protruded gland with two mosquito forceps, a linear conjunctival incision was made between forceps and the gland was freed from conjunctiva by blunt dissection and excised at the base. The incised edges of conjunctiva were sutured with 5.0-6.0 polyglactin 910 using inversion sutures with buried knots.
One case of unilateral, one case of bilateral and one eye of a bilateral cherry...
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