The Brain Drain, Skilled Labour Migration and Its Impact on Africa's Development, 1990s-2000s

Citation metadata

Authors: Samson Adesola Adesote and Olusesan Adewunmi Osunkoya
Date: Sept. 2018
From: Journal of Pan African Studies(Vol. 12, Issue 1)
Publisher: Journal of Pan African Studies
Document Type: Report
Length: 10,717 words

Main content

Abstract :

The major thrust of this paper is to interrogate the impact of the brain drain and skilled labour migration on Africa's socio-economic development since the 1990s. Although, prior to the 1990s, a number of Africans had voluntarily migrated and settled in the overseas, most especially in the western hemisphere, the phenomenon became unprecedented in the period between the 1990s and 2000s. This development was facilitated by a combination of factors, which could be summed up as push and pull factors of international migration. While low living standards, political persecution, insecurity and lack of opportunities to utilise skills among others are the main push factors, higher wages, job opportunities, relatively good working conditions, freedom from political oppression, relaxation of immigration policies and the phenomenon of new globalisation constitute the main pull factors. The main destinations of these "economic migrants" are the United States, United Kingdom, Canada and Europe. Drastic reduction in African scholars, poor delivery of basic healthcare and health programmes, lack of efficient utilisation of external assistance and low level of institutional capacity building are the main effects of the loss of highly-skilled African migrants on Africa's development. The paper argues that it is practically impossible to achieve a meaningful development in a society that loses its "best brain" to "forced international migration". It, therefore, submits that African leaders must be alive to the promotion of good governance in order to save the fragility of African states from collapsing. The methodological approach adopted in this paper is historical, analytical and descriptive, utilising materials from the secondary sources.

Source Citation

Source Citation
Adesote, Samson Adesola, and Olusesan Adewunmi Osunkoya. "The Brain Drain, Skilled Labour Migration and Its Impact on Africa's Development, 1990s-2000s." Journal of Pan African Studies, vol. 12, no. 1, 2018, p. 395+. Accessed 17 Apr. 2021.

Gale Document Number: GALE|A559893763