Artificial intelligence (AI) has been identified as a transformative, if not disruptive technology that may play multiple roles ranging from productivity booster, automation force, to existential threat to human beings. The U.S. and People's Republic of China have risen as the two AI superpowers in the world. Employing corpus-assisted discourse analysis and intercultural rhetorical analysis, this study investigates how AI has been constructed in the mainstream media of the U.S. and China. Our findings suggest that the U.S. and China have developed interest and strengths in different strategic areas of AI development, including computer, machine, Internet, recognition technology, driverless cars, and big data. This project highlights the need for international collaboration and public participation in AI development. [Huiling Ding, Yeqing Kong. Constructing Artificial Intelligence in the U.S. and China: A Cross-Cultural, Corpus-Assisted Study. China Media Research, 15(1):93-105] 3 Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, strategic areas of interest, corpus assisted discourse analysis, cross-cultural comparison
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