Validity and reliability of the Turkish Version of the Cognitive, Affective, and Somatic Empathy Scales for Children/Cocuklar icin Bilissel, Duygusal ve Bedensel Empati Olcegi Turkce Formunun gecerlilik ve guvenilirlik calismasi

Citation metadata

Authors: Halime Senay Guzel, Emine Sevinc Sevi Tok and Esra Guney
Date: Aug. 15, 2019
From: Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi(Vol. 20, Issue SI 1)
Publisher: Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi
Document Type: Report
Length: 3,771 words

Main content

Abstract :

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the validity and reliability properties of the Cognitive, Affective, and Somatic Empathy Scales (CASES) for Children to help evaluate children's empathy skills. Methods: The samples of this study comprised 341 students aged 11-12 years old in the 5th and 6th grades of secondary schools in Ankara. Apart from CASES, An Index of Empathy for Children and Adolescents and KA-SI Empathic Tendency Scale for Child and Adolescent were used for criterion related validity. The psychometric properties of scale were investigated by exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), criterion related validity, split-half reliability and internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha). Results: In the reliability study, the Cronbach's alpha for the total scale was 0.84. In addition, the correlation between the two forms obtained because of the split- half reliability method was calculated to be 0.74. As a result of the item analysis, it was observed that all of the item total correlations were greater than 0.20 and as the comparison of upper 27% and lower %2 7 groups, the differences between the item mean scores were found to be significant. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that both the three-factor model and six-factor model had a good fit. Finally, it has been found that CASES has significant positive correlations with the total scores of An Index of Empathy for Children and Adolescents and KA-SI Empathic Tendency Scale for Child and Adolescent. Conclusion: In the light of the findings, the results of the validity and reliability testing of the Turkish version of the CASES were found to be similar to the findings of the original scale. These results show that the Turkish version may be used as a valid and reliable tool in determining empathy among children and adolescent. (Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 2019; 20(Suppl.1):55-64) Keywords: empathy, validity, reliability, cognitive empathy, affective empathy, somatic empathy Amac: Bu calismada bilissel, duygusal ve bedensel empatiyi degerlendirebilecek bir olcum aracinin Turkceye kazandirilmasi amaclanmistir. Bu dogrultuda, Cocuklar icin Bilissel, Duygusal ve Bedensel Empati Olceginin (BDBEO) Turkce gecerlilik ve guvenilirligi incelenmistir. Yontem: Arastirmanin orneklemini Ankara'da 5. ve 6. sinifa giden 11-12 yaslarindaki 341 ogrenci olusturmustur. BDBEO disinda, olcut gecerliliginin sinanmasinda Cocuklar ve Ergenler icin Empati Olcegi (CEEO) ile KA-SI Cocuk ve Ergenler icin Empatik Egilim Olcegi (KA-SI EEO) kullanilmistir. Olcegin psikometrik ozellikleri, dogrulayici faktor analiz', dis olcut gecerliligi, iki yari test gecerliligi ve ic tutarlilik (Cronbach alfa) degeri ile incelenmistir. Bulgular: Guvenilirlik analizinde, olcegin toplam puani icin Cronbach alfa katsayisi 0.84 olarak bulunmustur. Ek olarak, esdeger yarilar yontemi sonucunda elde edilen iki form arasindaki korelasyon 0.74 olarak hesaplanmistir. Madde analizinin sonucunda, madde toplam korelasyonlarinin hepsinin 0.20'den buyuk oldugu gozlenmis ve %27'lik alt-ust grup karsilastirmalari sonucunda da madde ortalama puanlari arasindaki farkliliklarin tumunun anlamli oldugu bulunmustur. Dogrulayici faktor analiz gerek uc alt boyutlu yapi, gerekse alti alt boyutlu modelin iyi uyum verdigini gostermistir. Son olarak, BDBEO'nun CEEO ve KA-SI EEO toplam puanlari ile anlamli ve guclu pozitif iliskiler gosterdigi bulunmustur. Sonuc: BDBEo Turkce formunun gecerlilik ve guvenilirlik bulgulari ozgun olcek bulgularina benzer bulunmustur. Sonuclar, Turkce formun cocuk ve ergenlerde empatik egilimin belirlenmesinde gecerli ve guvenilir bir arac olarak kullanilabilecegini gostermistir. (Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg 2019; 20(Ek sayi. 1):55-64) Anahtar sozcukler: Empati, gecerlilik, guvenilirlik, bilissel empati, duygusal empati, bedensel empati

Source Citation

Source Citation
Guzel, Halime Senay, et al. "Validity and reliability of the Turkish Version of the Cognitive, Affective, and Somatic Empathy Scales for Children/Cocuklar icin Bilissel, Duygusal ve Bedensel Empati Olcegi Turkce Formunun gecerlilik ve guvenilirlik calismasi." Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi, vol. 20, no. SI 1, 2019, p. 55+. Accessed 5 Mar. 2021.
  

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