Marco Polo's Java and Locach on Mercator's world maps of 1538 and 1569, and globe of 1541

Citation metadata

Author: Robert J. King
Date: Mar. 2017
From: The Globe(Issue 81)
Publisher: Australian and New Zealand Map Society, Inc.
Document Type: Critical essay
Length: 8,633 words

Main content

Abstract :

The descriptions of Locach, Java Major and Java Minor by Marco Polo and Ludovico di Varthema were drawn upon by Gerard Mercator in constructing his world maps of 1538 and 1569, and globe of 1541. His depiction of these lands in 1538 was influenced by the 1531 and 1536 world maps of Oronce Fine. Fine's maps also influenced contemporary Breton and Norman cartographers in their depiction of these lands on their series of world maps, 1546 to 1583. The Regio Patalis, a promontory of the Terra Australis on Fine's maps, became Beach on Mercator's 1541 globe, and locach/Beach on his 1569 world map. The Breton, Guillaume Brouscon, also identified this promontory of the Terra Australis as Locach on his world map of 1543, while the Dieppe Norman cartographers identified it with Java la Grande. Dirk Hartog's discovery of Eendracht Land in 1616 was initially incorporated into Mercator's model, and identified with Beach.

Source Citation

Source Citation
King, Robert J. "Marco Polo's Java and Locach on Mercator's world maps of 1538 and 1569, and globe of 1541." The Globe, no. 81, Mar. 2017, p. 41+. Accessed 3 Dec. 2020.
  

Gale Document Number: GALE|A492873066