Byline: Dr. Amber Ferdoos and Ms. Sadaf Zahra
The aim of the study was to observe the influence of patriarchy on decision making power of women. In studying the vast and varied impact of patriarchy on women the researchers applied egalitarian feminist theory with conflict approach in explaining gender inequalities faced by women and the privileges enjoyed by men in every aspect of life in society. The area of research consisted of two universities of federal capital, International Islamic University Islamabad and National University of Modern Languages. The study was conducted by survey method and 120 female students were selected through random sampling technique. In order to collect information a self-administered questionnaire was applied as a tool of data collection. The findings of research showed that women though claiming to have rights to make their own decisions related to education, mobility, recreation and marriage but they always take permission from someone close to them.
For Instance, they can choose university of their own choice but it should not be co-education. Hence it can be concluded that they are almost always kept in darkness of their true rights and liberty, left just to fanaticize about their empowerment and independence.
Keywords: Patriarchy; male dominance; decision making power, Pakistani women, women empowerment
Patriarchy is the rule of the father who is also known as patriarch which means a male member of household or society (Mitterauer and Sieder, 1982). It can be said that having a ruling position has always been in the roots of human beings since the prehistoric age (Walby, 1990).This need of power may have led structure of patriarchy which is seen today. Patriarchy also covers entire structures of domination and exploitation that affect women's position in society (Fredric, 1982). The social position of women in decision making power may include marital decision, education, job, child rearing, financial and house hold budgeting in Pakistani society whereas patriarchs are renowned as the guardian of women and thus the decision-making power is bestowed in male hands (Sah, 1986). Noone and Stephan (2008) introduced a concept of patriarchal dividend to explain the possible social practice of men in financial power.
Connell and Connell (2005) explains that in patriarchal societies various benefits are enjoyed by men and these benefits might include higher income, economic control, and easier access to positions of personal and institutional power, authority, ruling figurine, greater social status and personal security, control over vast and various decisions with in and out of family unit. This economic control of men and women"s economic dependency over men leads to strengthen patriarchy (Scott, 2009). Patriarchy is a social concept in which men and masculine qualities are appreciated more highly than women and feminine qualities. A patriarchal society thus creates gender inequities, oppressing women (Belknap, 2007).
Society has specialized set of roles for both male and female which creates biasness (Shah, 1986). Patriarchy is not a persistent or static which means gender relations are dynamic and complex that have changed over the periods of...