The Effect of Behavior-Image Model-Based Brief Interventions on Health Behaviors in Adolescents/Davranis-Imaj Modele Dayanan Kisa Gorusmelerin Adolesanlarin Saglik Davranislarina Etkisi.

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Authors: Nesrin Ilhan and Ayse Yildiz
Date: Aug. 2018
From: The Journal of Current Pediatrics(Vol. 16, Issue 2)
Publisher: Galenos Yayinevi Tic. Ltd.
Document Type: Report
Length: 4,981 words

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Abstract :

INTRODUCTION: Health promotion programs are a very effective approach to lowering the number of preventable health problems among adolescents. Brief interventions are evidencebased, health-promoting programs designed for adolescents. The Behavior-Image Model (BIM) is a new model devised for planned multiple behavior interventions and brief health interventions. This study was conducted to determine the effect of brief interventions based on the BehaviorImage Model on adolescent health behaviors. METHODS: This experimental study was of pretest-posttest control group design. The study was carried out in a public high school in Istanbul. Two hundred and fourteen students (intervention group=103, control group=111) between the ages of 15 and 18 participated in the study. The data was collected using the Student Questionnaire, The Adolescent Life Style Profile II (ALP R2), The Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES), The Dietary Self-Efficacy Scale and The Center for Disease Control Health-related Quality of Life-4 (CDC HRQOL-4). The intervention group received a brief intervention based on the BIM. Each student was interviewed for 30 minutes. Data were collected before the brief intervention and at 3 months post-intervention. RESULTS: After the brief interventions, there were statistically significant increase in the mean scores in the intervention group for the subscales of physical activity, nutrition, health responsibility and total ALP-R2. There were statistically significant increase in the mean scores in the intervention group for exercise self-efficacy and dietary self-efficacy. After the brief interventions, the number of days that mental health was not good and activity limitation days decreased during the past 30 days. DISCUSSION and CONCLUSION: In this study, it was determined that brief interventions based on the BIM were effective in promoting the health behaviors of adolescents. Keywords: Adolescent, health behaviors, Behavior-image model, brief intervention, school nursing. GIRIS ve AMAC: Sagligi gelistirme programlari adolesanlarda onlenebilir saglik problemlerinin sayisinin azaltilmasinda cok etkili bir yaklasimdir. Kisa gorusmeler, adolesanlar icin tasarlanmis, kanita dayali sagligi gelistirme programlaridir. Davranis-imaj Model, planli coklu davranis mudahaleleri ve kisa saglik girisimleri icin tasarlanmis yeni bir modeldir. Bu arastirma, Davranisimaj Modele dayanan kisa gorusmelerin, adolesanlarin saglik davranislarina etkisini belirlemek amaciyla gerceklestirildi. YONTEM ve GERECLER: Bu deneysel calisma, on test-son test kontrol gruplu bir arastirma tasarimidir. Arastirma Istanbul'da bir devlet lisesinde gerceklestirildi. Arastirmaya 15-18 yaslari arasinda 214 ogrenci (deney grubu=103, kontrol grubu=111) katildi. Veriler, Ogrenci Soru Formu, Adolesan Yasam Bicimi Olcegi II (AYB II), Egzersiz Oz-etkililik Olcegi, Cocuk Beslenme Oz-yeterlik Olcegi ve Hastalik Kontrol Merkezi Saglikla Iliskili Yasam Kalitesi-4 Olcegi kullanilarak toplandi. BULGULAR: Kisa gorusmelerden sonra deney grubunun fiziksel aktivite, beslenme ve saglik sorumlulugu alt boyutlari ve toplam AYB II puan ortalamalari istatistiksel olarak anlamli derecede artti. Deney grubunun egzersiz oz-etkililik ve beslenme oz-yeterlilik olcegi puan ortalamalari da anlamli sekilde artti (p TARTISMA ve SONUC: Bu calismada, Davranis-imaj modele dayanan kisa gorusmelerin adolesanlarin saglik davranislarini gelistirmede etkili oldugu belirlendi. Anahtar Kelimeler: Adolesan, saglik davranislari, Davranis-Imaj Model, okul hemsireligi

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A689995585