Background. The "oldest old" are the most rapidly growing segment of society, and clinicians will increasingly encounter this age group in this century.
Methods. To describe the characteristics of a special subgroup of the oldest old, the centenarians, we conducted a retrospective case series analysis of all patients 100 years of age and above admitted to a large community teaching hospital.
Results. Thirty-nine patients with a mean age of 101.3 years were admitted a total of 57 times during the 5-year study period. The main reasons for admission were hip fracture, stroke, and urinary tract infection. Patients admitted from nursing facilities were taking more medications than community dwelling patients, and patients who were confused on admission were more likely to be readmitted. Only 2 patients died.
Conclusions. Polypharmacy is common in centenarians, especially in institutionalized patients, and confusion may be a useful predictor of subsequent readmission. In-hospital however, low in this population.
THE "OLDEST OLD," those aged 85 years or more, are the most rapidly growing segment of American society. (1) Census bureau projections indicate that by the year 2020 there may be 6.7 million Americans more than 85 years of age (2) A special subgroup of the oldest old are the centenarians, patients more than 100 years of age. Since little information exists on the hospitalization of this age group, we sought to determine characteristics of centenarians admitted to our hospital over a 5-year period.
We reviewed the medical records of patients aged 100 years and older who were admitted over a 5-year period to Miami Valley Hospital, an 800 bed regional referral facility that is a...