Nutrition and the precontest preparations of a male bodybuilder

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Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers
Document Type: Article
Length: 3,170 words

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Abstract :

Many athletes, including bodybuilders, follow specific diet regimens in preparation for competitions. While sports nutrition is a growing specialty involved with legitimate dietary recommendations, some regimens favored by athletes are useless or even harmful. A case study is presented of a 27-year-old white man who performed in competitions for amateur bodybuilders. He was studied during the 30 days preceding a middle-level competition. His program included training with weights and aerobic exercise on most days. The subject used anabolic steroids, diuretics to counteract the water retention caused by steroids, and human chorionic gonadotropin, which he believed would stimulate testosterone production. His dietary objective during the month before competition was to lose body fat while maintaining muscle mass. Evaluation of body composition and weighed-food intake showed that he lost 10.6 pounds of fat but unfortunately also lost five pounds of muscle, which he had worked to build in the previous bulking phase of training. This indicates that he lost weight too rapidly at 4.2 pounds per week. He should have begun the weight loss diet about 50 days, rather than 30 days, before the contest and lost two pounds per week instead. It is possible through careful planning to lose only fat on such a diet. Another aspect of his diet was carbohydrate loading on the competition day, which is thought to swell the muscles making them appear larger. He also restricted sodium and water intake for three days before competition in an attempt to cause dehydration, which shrinks the skin over the muscles, improving their definition. He was not successful at achieving the goals of carbohydrate loading and water and salt restriction, according to diet records. Abnormalities in blood chemistry that could have predisposed him to blood clots and strokes were discovered and were attributed to his drug use. (Consumer Summary produced by Reliance Medical Information, Inc.)

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Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A8543207