Bahcall, Neta

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Date: 2011
American Women of Science since 1900
Publisher: ABC-Clio
Document Type: Biography
Pages: 3
Content Level: (Level 5)

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Bahcall, Neta

b. 1942


Education: B.S., physics and mathematics, Hebrew University, Israel, 1963; M.S., physics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel, 1965; Ph.D., astrophysics, Tel Aviv University, Israel, 1970

Professional Experience: research fellow, physics, California Institute of Technology, 1970–1971; research associate to senior research astronomer, astrophysical sciences, Princeton University, 1971–1983; chief, General Observer Support Branch, and head, Science Program Selection Office, Space Telescope Science Institute, Page 211  |  Top of Article1983–1989; professor, astrophysical sciences, Princeton University, 1989–; director, Council on Science and Technology of Princeton University, 2000–2008

Neta Bahcall is an astrophysicist and cosmologist whose research focuses on dark matter, the formation and evolution of galaxies, quasars, and the large-scale structure of the universe. She has mapped the structure and location of galaxies within the universe using the Hubble Space Telescope and other survey tools. Her most significant contribution to the field of astrophysics is her calculations of the total mass of the universe, which helps scientists understand both the origins and fate of the universe. She received her Ph.D. in astrophysics at Tel Aviv University in Israel and that same year became affiliated with Princeton University. She has spent her entire teaching career at Princeton University and has been a full professor since 1989. During the 1980s, she spent time at the Space Telescope Science Institute and was in charge of selecting science programs that would use the Hubble Space Telescope. She collaborated for many years with her late husband, John Bahcall, also a renowned astrophysicist who worked on the development of the Hubble Space Telescope. She has authored or co-authored (with John Bahcall and others) hundreds of scientific papers and articles.

Astrophysicist Neta Bahcall

Astrophysicist Neta Bahcall. (Princeton University, Office of Communications, Denise Applewhite)

Neta Bahcall was elected a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 1997. She has been an invited lecturer for professional organizations and universities across the United States and internationally, including as lecturer at the Nobel Symposium in Stockholm (1998). She is a member of the American Astronomical Society (vice president, 1995–1998) and has served on numerous professional and governmental committees including the National Astronomy and Astrophysics Advisory Committee (2003–present), Space Telescope Institute Council (1993–1997), U.S. National Committee to IAU (1998–2004), Scientific Advisory Committee, Sloan Digital Sky Survey (1990–1995), and the American Institute of Physics Committee on International Relations (1990–1993), and as Page 212  |  Top of Articlechair of the AAS Committee on the Status of Women in Astronomy (1983). She has received an honorary doctorate from Ohio State University (2006). She has three children, all of whom have earned doctorates in the sciences.

Further Resources

Princeton University. Faculty website. .

Schultz, Steven. “Astrophysicist Reaches for the Stars—and More.” Princeton Weekly Bulletin 92(15). (10 February 2003). .

Source Citation

Source Citation   (MLA 8th Edition)
Wayne, Tiffany K. "Bahcall, Neta." American Women of Science since 1900, vol. 1, ABC-CLIO, 2011, pp. 210-212. Gale Ebooks, Accessed 16 Oct. 2019.

Gale Document Number: GALE|CX1760500073

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