The Industrial Revolution brought many positive changes to the United States. Goods became cheaper. Technological advances helped doctors save more lives. But the Industrial Revolution had many problems. Pollution was a big issue. Coal was necessary for transportation, but the negative side effects included soot and smog. Breathing coal waste could cause serious health problems.
The Industrial Revolution brought greater understanding of how diseases spread. Doctors learned that washing their hands before surgery kept patients from dying. Others discovered that polluted water spread disease. New rules and advances in sewage technology helped prevent the spread of disease.
An Industrial Nation
The United States completely transformed Page 41 | Top of Articlefrom a nation of farmers to one of factories in less than a century. Manufacturing, transportation, and communication technology were all transformed during the Industrial Revolution. The inventions of the early and mid-1800s created a need for more production as the quality of life improved for Americans. The cities swelled as the countryside emptied. For most Americans, life had changed forever.