Exploring Gender Neutrality in Education (A Case Study of Village Zandra in Balochistan)

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Date: June 30, 2012
From: Journal of Gender and Social Issues(Vol. 11, Issue 1)
Publisher: Knowledge Bylanes
Document Type: Article
Length: 4,390 words
Lexile Measure: 1220L

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ABSTRACT

This research paper "Gender Neutrality in Education" shows local perception of parents regarding their daughters' education. In spite of the fact that the people are aware of the importance of literacy, there is gender gap. People are still relectant to send their daughters to the schools. This study identifies the factors influencing parental attitude towards their daughters' education. The focus of study is to find the actual reason of low participation rate of female education with reference to gender empowerment. The efforts have been made to find out the culture perception of parents regarding their daughter's education and gender discrimination between the sons and daughters.

There is no financial benefits for parents to literate their daughters. The main focus of the study is to explore the changes in perception and attitude of parents towards literacy with reference to gender. This research was conducted in Village Zandra District Ziarat. Qualitative anthropological techniques were used to collect emperical data.

KEY WORDS: gender, neutrality, subordination, discrimination, attitude, behavior

INTRODUCTION

Most of the times, 'Gender' is confused with 'sex'. 'Sex' refers to biological and physical differences between men and women in terms of physiques, genes and hormones. Gender, however, refers to men and women as two types of persons, and has more to do with the social and cultural construction of ideas about masculinity and femininity and the roles assigned to them. Oakley (1981) refers sex as the biological division into female and male; and parallel and socially unequal division of men and women into femininity and masculinity.

The sex roles are assigned to a person on the basis of gender. Gender is the sexual classification (classification of being male or female). According to Britannica CD Deluxe Edition, (2000) gender identity is not fixed at birth...is modified and expanded by social factors as the child matures...gender identity develops by means of parental example, social reinforcement and language. Gender is different from sex, which has to do with biological characteristics of a person, whereas gender refers to social creation of girls, boys, women and men. While talking about gender, Berg (1973) says, "Gender is a basic category by which the social world is organized. It is the social role of being a female or male."

So when talking of gender we are not referring only to biological differences between men and women, but also taking society and culture into account, and that how they fuse to mold these two categories i.e. male and female. Gender identity and role are based on physical characteristics in one way or the other, as Calhoun and Light in their book "Sociology", say that from the moment a baby is born, it is classified as either a girl or a boy on the basis of physical appearance. They state that biological differences are basic to the destination of male and female. According to Calhoun and Light, (1994) "Society establishes a set of cultural expectations for each gender; children are taught to conform to what their society expects of them...

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A331898575