Publication: The Times

Full Citation

  • Title Refugees In Berlin
  • Publication Title The Times
  • Collection The Times Digital Archive, 1785-2008
  • Date Wednesday,  Aug. 8, 1945
  • Issue Number 50215
  • Page Number 4
  • Place of Publication London, England
  • Language English
  • Document Type Article
  • Publication Section News
  • Source Library Times Newspapers Limited
  • Copyright Statement © Times Newspapers Limited.
REFUGEES IN BERLIN MILLIONS ON THE MOVE EVICTED BY POLES AND CZECHS BERLIN, Aug. 7.-Between 12,000,000 and 14,000,000 Germans already on the move or who will have to move from the eastern parts of Germany, now under Polish or Czech control, are causing a gigantic refugee problem in Germany. They are mostly old people, women, and children, and the request from the Potsdam conference that the Polish and Czech Governments cease evictions until movements can be organized may have come in time to avert a major catastrophe. Dr. Karl Baier, assistant chief of the Berlin department for evicted persons, said to-day: In spite of Marshal 7.hukov's order that no refugees shall be permitted to enter Berlin, we are getting between 25,000 and 30,000 refugees daily here. In one week 200,000 people arrived. My estimate is that there are 6,000,000 people on the move in eastern Germany now. " We have 50 camps handling these people in Berlin. They get one meal consisting of a plate of soup and 100 grams of breadapproximately a quarter of a lb. They must leave Berlin in 24 hours. As there is no German Government which can give orders, and as we lack transport and telephones, we can only send them off on foot. We are sending them south now into Brandenburg and Saxony, as reports indicate that places north of Berlin are filling up and are overcrowded." FAMISHED AND HOMELESS A visit to two of these Berlin reception centres to-day revealed a grim spectacle, with thousands of famished, homeless people, having only the clothes they stand up in. The chief of one camp said that he handled 28,000 refugees from eastern Germany during July. Only 20 persons died during that time. Refugees arc being dispatched from this camp to the former concentration camp at Sachsenliausen, near Oranienburg, where, he said, as many as 300,000 pcople could be housed temporarily. Refugees said that the Poles give people 30 minutes to depart. In Danzig evictions take place street by street. Two perambtilators and a bicycle were used for transport by one young woman who brought her six children, aged from nine to two years, 90 miles from Schwiebus, near the old Polish-German frontier, to Askania camp. The problem of fecding these masses of people, w.vho are mainly unfit for work, brings a grave problem to the allies. The skipper ot a canal barge had 221 orphan children on board but no food. He came from Stettin, and on arrival in Berlin he aske.d the British authorities whether he could try to take his cargo througlh to his home town of Hamburg. They authorized him to try it.-Reuwter. RAILWAY RESTORATION LUBECK, Aug. 7.-It is announced here that railway transport from France and Belgium to all parts of the British occupied zone of Germany is now possible. The railways in the Ruhr are to-day carrying 40,000 tons of coal daily compared with 5,000 tons six weeks ago.-Rcu,ter. 717,000 DEMOBILIZED IN BRITISH ZONE HERFORD, WESTPHALIA, Aug. 7.-Up to now 717,000 German troops have been demobilized ir. the British occupied zone of Germany. Among those released are more than 400,000 farm workers. 18,000 miners, 25,000 food workers, 25,000 administrative workers, 23,000 transport workers, 9.000 postal emplovees, and 1,000 policemen.-Reurer.