Full Citation

  • Title Kennedy: East Bloc Mustn't Despair
  • Author Irwin, Don Special to the Herald Tribune
  • Publication Title New York Herald Tribune (European Edition)
  • Collection New York Herald Tribune (European Edition)
  • Date Saturday-Sunday,  June 29, 1963-June 30, 1963
  • Issue Number 25024
  • Page Number [1]
  • Place of Publication Paris, France
  • Language English
  • Document Type Article
  • Publication Section News
  • Source Library The New York Times Company
Citing Ireland’s Struggle Kennedy: East Bloc Mustn’t Despair y By Don Irwin Special to the Herald Tribune DUBLIN, June 28. — President Kennedy told Ireland today that its successful 800-year fight for liberty is a vital inspiration to emerging nations and an example for peoples behind the Communist v/all that divides Berlin. “Those who suffer beyond that wall I saw on Wednesday in Berlin must not despair of the future.’1 the President told an unprecedent¬ ed joint session of Ireland’s Par¬ liament. “Let them instead re¬ member the constancy, the faith, the endurance and the ultimate success of the Irish.” Sent Sprawling on Seat His appearance as the first for¬ eigner to address a joint session of the Dail and Seanad was part of a day of continuing honors and adulation heaped on the President by huge crowds in the streets and at ceremonies in Dublin and Cork. Mr. Kennedy moved with verve through the second day of his re- turn visit to the land of his ances¬ tors. The hatless, coatless and smiling President received the cheers of thousands as his motor¬ cade wound through miles of streets. An over-eager curbstone hand¬ shaker in Cork almost pulled Mr. Kennedy out of his car and left him sprawling on its seat, but the President did not seem to be dis¬ mayed. Television cameras, never before allowed in the Dail Chamber, brought to the Irish people the President’s appearance before the 204 members of both houses, some of whom were sitting in the aisles Half a dozen rounds of applause and cries of “hear, hear’1 punctu¬ ated the speech, principally when the President praised Ireland’s long fight for liberty. It can, he told them, be a prel¬ ude to a world role for the repub¬ lic’s 2.8 million people. “The Ireland of 1963, one of the youngest nations and oldest of civilizations, ' has discovered • that ( Continued on Page 2, Col. 5) East Bloc rMust Not Despair (Continued from Page 1) the achievement of nationhood is not an end but a beginning,” the President said. Ireland has a “unique” oppor¬ tunity to advance “national and human liberty with peace,” the President said, through its associa¬ tion with the Council of Europe and its “influence” as an active mem¬ ber of the United Nations. The peace-keeping machinery of the UN “cannot work without the help of small nations,” Mr. Kennedy said, The President had the Parlia¬ ment eating out of his hand before he reached the text of his speech when he presented a sentimental gift to the Irish nation. It was one of the green battle flags embroider¬ ed with a gold harp carried 101 years ago at the bloody Civil War Battle of Fredericksburg by the old “Irish Brigade.” The brigade, the 69th New York Volunteers, lost 920 of 1,200 men that day. It later became the “Fighting 69th” of the two World Wars. A long day of travel preceded the President’s arrival at Leinster House, the graystone 18th-century mansion that is the seat of Ire¬ land’s Parliament. Drives to Cork The President ■ left the United States Embassy residence at Dublin this morning by Army jet heli¬ copter to fly the 166 miles to Cork, on the southwest Irish coast, where he was received with military pomp at Collins Barracks. The motorcade drove from the barracks down Cork’s quaint twist¬ ing streets to the City Hall, where Mr. Kennedy was made a free¬ man of the city. The crowds were enthusiastic, so was the President. In the picturesque ceremony at the City Hall, the 18 scarlet-robed burough councilmen watched Lord Mayor Sean Casey present an of¬ ficial scroll in a gilt casket and joined in wild, footstamping ap¬ plause. The President’s serious message was basically the same as that in his speech to the Parliament, but he leavened it with whimsy about Irish-Americans. It included light introductions of four Irish-descended Americans who accompanied him: White House receptionist David Powers, Lawrence F. O’Brien, Special Presi¬ dential Assistant for Congressional Liaison, Rep. Edward A. Boland, D., Mass., and Monsignor Jeremiah O’Mahoney, whom the President •described as “pastor of a poor, humble flock in Palm Beach, Fla.” He is pastor of St. Edward’s Church, where the President usually wor¬ ships when visiting the resort. It was outside the Cork City Hall that the overzealous admirer almost pulled the President out of his White House parade car. It happened after Secret Service men had shouldered the President through a crowd that filtered around a police cordon and wanted to shake hands. Mr, Kennedy tried to oblige until the car started, then used both hands to extricate himself from the handshake. A Secret Service man saw the President heading over the side and unceremoniously began to pull him back. When the handshake ended, both fell back on the seat. Crowds swarmed around the Pres¬ ident all the way to a playground where he picked up his helicopter. Some 2,500 followed right to the door of the helicopter. Unfamiliar with such machines, they had no fear of its propellers and rotors and a small police detail could do little more than shout warnings. The chopper eventually took off vertically with people all around it. All were sprayed with mist, but no one was hurt. Back in Dublin, the President returned to the embassy residence to play host at a luncheon for President Eamon de Valera and Prime Minister Sean Lemass. Later, he drove to Arbour Hill to lay a wreath on the mass grave of 14 heroes who were executed by the British for their part in the bloody, unsuccessful Easter Rebel¬ lion of 1916. A solemn military ceremony by units of Ireland’s 8,000-man army followed the wreath-laying. In the day’s final public appear¬ ance, the President went to pictur¬ esque Dublin Castle, former seat of British rule in Ireland, to receive an honorary degree at a ceremony conducted jointly by the faculties of the University of Dublin and the National University of Ireland.