Publication: The Economist

Full Citation

  • Title Big Three Again
  • Publication Title The Economist
  • Collection The Economist
  • Date Saturday,  July 14, 1945
  • Volume 149
  • Issue Number 5316
  • Page Number 40
  • Place of Publication London, England
  • Language English
  • Document Type Article
  • Publication Section News
  • Source Library The Economist Newspaper Limited
  • Copyright Statement © The Economist Newspaper Limited.
NOTES OF THE WEEK Big Three Again The B'g Three are travelling hopefully to Potsdam. where their third conference opens next week. The agenda that awaits them is a stiffer proposition than that for either of their previous meetings. Then their united purpose in the military field served to gloss over political deviations of view. Now. every item conceals a sore point for someone. First on the list is the problem of Germany is there to be one administration or four One hopeful sign of a measure of unity is the arrangement that the four occupying forces shall use a single currency and credit system based on the occupation reichsmark.o Another is the agreement. reached after four anxious days of to-ing and fro-ing. upon who is to feed Berlin. A reason- able compromise seems to have been reached between the Russian view that the British and Americans should feed their own sectors of the town. and the Anglo-American view that it should live on the surrounding countryside. which is Russian-occupied. But against these good signs must be offset an immense list of difficul- ties in the way of the common pattern that is the aim both of the British and the United States controllers. For instance. the specially trained staff of the military government in the British zone has now got a smooth local administration working on the municipal. the Kreis and the provincial levels. So have the Americans and the Russians. Is any-one of them to change his method of dealing with a German mayor in order to conform to a common pattern Are economic and reparations arrangements tc be based. according to plan. on 1937 Germany as a unit. or on a Germany with eastern and south-eastern boundaries fixed by Russia. Again. how are mean so different in outlook as a Middle-Westerner and a Russian to sustain common fraternisation and broadcasting policies The second item on the agenda-.Central and South-Eastern Europe-includes equally tough propositions. There have been many frictions on the Allied Control Commissions in Rumania and Bulgaria. Russians do not see why. if they are content to be passengers on the Commission in. say. Italy. the British and Americans should not play a-corresponding role in Hungary. Unfortunately. any Allied rejoinder to the effect that while Italy has been furnished with a tolerably representative government. Rumania. for instance. has not. can at once be turned by a Russian reminder that things are not going smoothly in Greece. Another topic that is due for discussion is Russo-Turkish rela- tions over the Straits and over the air and naval bases beyond them. The Turkish Foreign Minister. M. Hasan Saka. has seen Mr Eden on this subject. Yet another item is a British pro- position for Anglo-Russian withdrawal pari passu from Persia before the expiry of the Anglo-Russo-Persian Treaty. Smoother going is anticipated over questions related to the Far East war and to the major war criminals. Even so. there is more than enough to keep three men of good will on their toes.