Full Citation

  • Title Khrushchev Urges End to 4-Way Split of Berlin
  • Author Lambert, Tom
  • Publication Title New York Herald Tribune (European Edition)
  • Collection New York Herald Tribune (European Edition)
  • Date Tuesday,  Nov. 11, 1958
  • Page Number [1]
  • Place of Publication Paris, France
  • Language English
  • Document Type Article
  • Publication Section News
  • Source Library The New York Times Company
Khrushchev Urges End To 4-Way Split of Berlin Will Cede Sector to East Zone West Told to Deal With E. Germans By Tom Lambert Front the Herald Tribune Bureau MOSCOW, Nov. 10. — Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev proposed to¬ night that the United States, Brit¬ ain, France and the Soviet Union abandon then- occupation controls over Berlin. He said Russia will hand over its Berlin occupation responsibili¬ ties to the East Germans, and added that the Western powers should deal with them in future on Berlin matters. Alleging that the Western powers have violated every portion of the 1945 Potsdam agreement except that providing for the four-power cccupation of the former German capital, Mr. Khrushchev said the time is near for the Big Three and the Soviet Union “to reject the remnants of the occupation regime in Berlin.” ‘ He said Russia: “Will turn over its part of the Berlin function to the German Democratic (Commu¬ nist) Republic.” And in a move seemingly designed to obtain West¬ ern recognition of the German Communist regime, he told the three Western powers to “establish their relations with East Germany directly.” Speaks at Pro-Polish Rally Mr. Khrushchev's proposal, cer¬ tain to meet Western opposition and probably to renews the smolder¬ ing East-West differences over Germany,, ca®e-iB, e speech at a Soviet-Polish friendship rally' in the Moscow Sports Palace. He repeated Russia's contention that German unification can be achieved only by the Germans and assailed alleged West German “mili¬ tarism,” then warned West Ger¬ many that any move toward East Germany or Poland would be tan¬ tamount to "a march to death.” In modern -warfare, he continued, West Germany, “will not survive one day.” The Soviet Union stands behind the East German Communist re¬ gime, he continued, and any aggres¬ sive move toward East Germany “we will consider as an action against the Soviet Union." Russia will defend East Ger¬ many, he declared, and if West Germany wants to develop good relations with the Soviet Union, it must reject for good any hope “that we will cease to support the German Dqpiocratic Republic.” In one of the sharpest speeches he has delivered recently. Mr. Khrushchev also accused Yugo¬ slavia’s Communist leaders of fol¬ lowing the path of international reaction, and he blasted Iran. He said that If Iran permits foreign bases to be established within its borders, the Soviet Union “will consider this as a hostile act. with ail the natural consequences.” First Secretary Wladyslaw Go- mulka of the Polish United work¬ ers (Communist) party told the Sports Palace audience that Poland “supports completely the Soviet (Continued on Page 2. Col. 41 Khrushchev Urges End (Continued from Page 1) government's position on the ques¬ tion of revising the statutes of Berlin.” He was caustic toward the West Germans, accusing them of “pre¬ paring new expansion to the East against Poland, the German Demo¬ cratic Republic and the Soviet Union," but somewhat milder to¬ ward the Yugoslavs than Mr. Khrushchev. After the Sports Palace session, the two went to the Kremlin to sign an agreement marking the end of a lengthy official visit here by the Polish delegation. The contents of the agreement, to be announced in the next few days, were not disclosed, but informants said it covers a variety of political and economic issues. In switching Communist pressure toward Germany from the Middle and Far East, where it has been concentrated most recently, Mr. Khrushchev did not propose spe¬ cifically that the four powers pull their occupation troops out of Ber¬ lin—although that seems the im¬ port of his suggestion—nor suggest a date on which “the remnants of the occupation regime” there be abolished. The Western powers are most unlikely to accept the Russian pro¬ posal to give up their occupation and to remove their troops from West Berlin, leaving it open to a Communist takeover. Obstacles for West Possible But if the Russians turn over their occupation responsibilities to the East Germans, the latter can make it extremely difficult for the Western powers to supply their forces in the city over the air, land and water routes through East Ger¬ many to Berlin. The Western powers refuse to deal with East Germany and have been handling supply and other issues involving the city with Rus¬ sians through the terms of the Potsdam agreement covering the four-power responsibilities in Ber¬ lin. A Western-Russian dispute over the traffic into the city caused the 1949 air lift. Mr. Khrushchev’s proposal to¬ night recalled Secretary of State John Foster Dulles's news confer¬ ence statement last week that the Western powers are “solemnly committed to hold West Berlin, if necessary by military force” and his belief that if the West stands firm “there is no danger to West Berlin.'” In a possible preview of the Rus- sian-Polish agreement signed to¬ night, Mr. Khrushchev, in dis¬ cussing what he calls "the German problem," was sharply critical of West Germany and the Western powers. He charged West Germany with planning another Drang nach Osten and warned that was “dangerous.” With Big Three help, West German militarism is flourishing, he con¬ tinued, and the West German Army is being given atomic weapons. West German currency reserves are being used for military pur¬ poses, he alleged. Potsdam Violations Charged These purported moves constitute violation of the Potsdam agree¬ ment, he went on, but the Western powers still retain a Potsdam right of free communication by air, rail and highway from West Germany to Berlin. “Why don't they violate this part of the Potsdam agreement?” he asked. Because “it makes it pos¬ sible for the Western powers to do what they want in the capital of East Germany and carry on sub¬ versive activity (from there) against East Germany, Poland, the Soviet Union and other Socialist countries,” he replied. “Isn’t it time for us to make the proper conclusions on the fact that the Potsdam agreement has been violated” and “reject the remnants of the occupation regime in Berlin” he asked.