Publication: Dundee Courier

Full Citation

  • Title Must Be No Conditions to Lifting Blockade
  • Publication Title Dundee Courier
  • Collection Dundee Courier
  • Date Thursday,  July 15, 1948
  • Issue Number 29677
  • Page Number 3
  • Place of Publication Dundee, Scotland
  • Language English
  • Document Type Article
  • Publication Section News
  • Source Library British Library
MUST BE NO CONDITIONS TO LIFTING BLOCKADE RUSSIA REPLIES: Don't Object To Parleys On Whole German Problem TEXT BROADCAST FROM MOSCOW Russian replies to the Notes of protest against the Berlin blockade were received yester- day by Britain, America, and France. The text of the Russian Note was broad- cast by Moscow radio late last night. The Soviet Government cannot agree with the declaration of the Government of the United States, and considers that the situation which has arisen in Berlin has arisen as a result of the violation by the Governments of the United States, Great Britain and France of the agreed decisions adopted by the Four Powers in relation to Germany and Berlin expressed in the carry- ing out of a separate currency reform, the introduction of special currency notes for the western sectors of Berlin, and the policy of dismembering Germany. The Soviet Government repeatedly warned the Governments of the United States, Britain, and France of the responsibility which they were incurring by taking the path of violation of the agreed decisions with respect to Germany, previously adopted by the four Powers. YALTA AND POTSDAM. The decisions adopted at the Yalta and Potsdam conferences, as well as the agree- ment of the four Powers on control machinery in Germany, set as their aim the demilitarisation and deinocratisation of Germany, the undermining of the very basis of German militarism, and the prevention oi the revival of Gertaany as an aggressive Power, and hence the conversion of Germany into a peace-loving and Democratic State. These agreements stipulate Germany's obligation to pay reparations and thus, even if only partially, to compensate for the damage done to the countries which suffered from German aggression. In accordance with these agreements the Governments of the four Powers accepted responsibility for administering Germany and undertook to determine jointly the status of Germany or of any areas, including Berlin, j which are part of German territory, and i to conclude a peace treaty with Germany | which should be signed by a Government of I democratic Germany adequate for the pur- pose. These highly-important agreements of the four Powers in relation to Germany have been violated by the Governments of the United States, Britain, and France. RUHR REGION. Measurss for the demilitarisation of Germany have not been completed, and such an important centre of German war industry as the Ruhr region has been removed from the control of the four Powers. Fulfilment of the decision on reparations from the western occupation zones of Germany has been disrupted by the Govern- ments of the United States, Britain, and F ranee. By the separate actions of the Govern- ments of the United States, Britain, and France, the quadripartite control machinery in Germany hoi been destroyed, as a result of which the Control Council has ceased to function. DECISIONS VIOLATED. Inasmuch as the position which has arisen in Berlin, as in the whole of Germany, is a direct consequence of the systematic viola- tion of decisions of the Potsdam conference by the Governments of the United States, Britain and France, as also of the agree- ment of the four Powers on control machinery in Germany, the Soviet Govern- ment must reject as altogether unfounded the declaration of the Government of the United States to the effect that the measures for restricting transport communications be- tween Berlin and the western occupation zones of Germany, introduced by the Soviet Command to protect the economy of the Soviet zone from disorganisation, allegedly constitute a violation of existing agreements relating to the administration of Berlin. When the United States. Britain and France, by their separate actions in the Western zones of Germany, destroyed the system of quadripartite administration of Germany, and began to Frankfurt on-Main a capital for a Government of Western Germany, they thereby undermined also the legal basis on which rested their right to participate in the administration of Berlin. Currency Reform The Government of the United States declares that the temporary measures intro- duced by the Soviet Command for restrict- ing transport communications between Berlin and the western zones have created difficulties in the supply of the Berlin popula- tion of the western sectors. It cannot, however, be denied that these difficulties were caused by the actions of the Governments of the United States, Britain, and France, and. above all, by their separate actions in introducing a new currency in the western zones of Germany and a special currency in the western sectors of Berlin. Berlin is the centre of the Soviet zone, arjd is part of that zone. The interests of the Berlin population do not admit of a situation where there has been introduced into Berlin, or even only in the western sectors of Berlin, a currency which is not in circulation in the Soviet zone. The Soviet Command was compelled to adopt urgent measures to safeguard the interests of the German population as well as of the economy of the Soviet zone of occupation and the area of " Greater Berlin." The danger of destruction of the normal economic activity of the Soviet zone of occupation and Berlin has not been averted even yet, since the United States, Britain, and France continue to maintain their own special currency in Berlin. SOVIET CONCERN. The Soviet Command has constantly manifested, and continues to manifest, concern for the well-being of the Berlin population and, if necessary, the Soviet Government will not object to ensuring sufficient supplies for the whole of " Greater Berlin " by its own means. As regards the declaration of the Govern- ment of the United States that it will not be induced by threats, pressure or other actions to abandon its right to participate in the occupation of Berlin, the Soviet Govern- ment does not intend to enter into a dis- cussion of this declaration, for it nas no need of a policy of pressure, since by violation of the agreed decisions on the administration of Berlin, the above- mentioned Governments are themselves rendering null and void their right to parti- cipation in the occupation of Berlin. While not objecting to negotiations, the Soviet Government, however, deems it necessary to declare that it cannot Eke £he start of these negotiations with the fulfilment of any preliminary conditions, and that, secondly, quadripartite negotiations could only be effective if they were not confined to the question of the administration of Berljn, since this question cannot be departed from the general question of quadripartite control in relation to Germany. The radio stated that Notes of similar content were sent by the Soviet Government through their Ambassadors in London and Paris to the Governments of Britain and France. Record Day In Air Lift American Air Force planes working on the air lift to blockaded Berlin, yesterday completed nearly two million miles flying. U.S. officials said the planes yesterday raised the total of cargo carried each 24 hours to a new record level. Flying from the Rhoim-Main airport at Frankfurt and from Wiesbaden aerodrome, the planes carried 1378 tons of food, coal, and other goods to Berlin in 270 flights during the 24 hours ended at 4 p.m. local time. Yesterday's record American air lift brought the total tonnage delivered to Berlin since the operation began to 13,641 tons — equal to over 1360 European carloads of freight. American planes, supplementing the British aircraft operating from Wunstorf, have carried goods ranging from sparking plups to milk for babies in 3197 flights. Total of British planes reaching Berlin up to 9 p.m. (local time) was 235—the best day's figure since the airlift began. Arrivals up to this time included 133 Dakotas, 85 Yorks, and 17 Sunderland flving-boats. Russian paratroops yesterday carried out practice jumps only five miles from Gatow airfield, it was announced in Berlin last night. The Russians had given previous notice of the jumps, which, however, occurred west of the position notified by the Russians. There was no interference with the air liftj Eden in Berlin "STAND FIRM "CALL TO GERMANS With the cheers of 5000 besieged Berliners still ringing in his ears after his " stand firm" speech, Mr Anthony Eden, former Foreign Secretary, landed with General Robertson, Britain's military governor, at Frankfurt last night. " We of the Opposition strongly endorse the action which the British Government and its Allies are t-akins: in Berlin, ' Mr Eden told Berliners. " This is the only means open to us to preserve peace. If there ro ever a time to stand firm, it is this. If there was ever an issue on which to stand firm it is this- . . " We all in Britain respect and admire the Fortitude with which you all, particularly the housewives, are bearing events. You are not prepared to be intimidated." Present dissensions among the Allies were a calamity, he said. Even now, grave as were international difficulties, he was not without hope that wiser counsel would provaiL " I hope that one day you will have your chance to play your part in a united Europe." Mr Eden's speech was broadcast from loud- speakers at principal street corners and squares all over Western Berlin, as electric cuts in the city had made it impossible for the radio to carry it.