Full Citation

  • Title Berlin Paper Defends Soviet Tactics in City
  • Author From the Herald Tribune Bureau
  • Publication Title New York Herald Tribune (European Edition)
  • Collection New York Herald Tribune (European Edition)
  • Date Saturday,  Oct. 2, 1948
  • Issue Number 20429
  • Page Number 2
  • Place of Publication Paris, France
  • Language English
  • Document Type Article
  • Publication Section News
  • Source Library The New York Times Company
Berlin Paper Defends Soviet Tactics in City Calls Blockade Defense Against Western Plot To Oust the Russians From the Herald Tribune Bureau Copyright New York Herald Tribune Inc. iil BERLIN. Oct. 1—The official Soviet Army newspaper here put out a full-dress rehearsal yesterday of the arguments the Russians will undoubtedly use at the United Na¬ tions General Assembly session in defending the Berlin blockade. The Russians declared the blockade was a defense against a Western con¬ spiracy to force the Russians not only out of Berlin but out of the Soviet Zone of Germany itself. The newspaper, which has al¬ ways accurately mirrored the views of the Kremlin, declared that the Western Allies hoped by the uni¬ lateral currency reform in the Western zones and west Berlin to fashion an economic weapon that would create disorder and distress in the Soviet-occupied area, result¬ ing in the departure of the Soviet occupiers. The Soviet Army newspaper “Taegliche Rundschau” declared flatly that the plan to oust the Soviets was “long and well pre¬ pared.” To prove this the Soviet Army paper cited the “Neue Zei- tung,” the American Military Gov¬ ernment newspaper, which, accord¬ ing to the Russians, “long ago stated that one could create order in Germany only by forcing the Russians to withdraw.” The Russians had a lengthy de¬ fense for their argument that all transport out of Berlin to the west should be under Soviet control. “As for the claim of the Soviet government for control of air and ground transport from Berlin to the west,” the newspaper declared, “it corresponds completely with existing agreements. This control became absolutely necessary after the introduction of a separate cur¬ rency reform in western Germany. It is entirely clear that a currency border has to exist between east¬ ern and western Germany now that, due to the efforts of the Western powers, Germany is split into two currency areas.” The Russian Case The newspaper charged that in the Berlin technical talks the Americans “attempted to extend the agreement reached in Moscow on currency in such a way as to inter¬ fere with the regulation of mone¬ tary circulation in the entire Soviet Occupation Zone. Such a demand of course could not be accepted.”' The Soviet Army paper said that the Western Allies were putting out a confused mass of arguments based on lies and seeking to blame the Berlin blockade on the Rus¬ sians. “The facts show,” the paper add¬ ed, “that only the Western powers bear the responsibility for the Ber¬ lin difficulties and the general in¬ tensification of the situation.” The Russian version of the causes of the Berlin situation fol¬ lows: “From the very beginning,” the Soviet Army newspaper said, “a deliberate untruth was disseminat¬ ed when the Western Allies charg¬ ed that the conflict was caused by the control measures and transport restrictions introduced by the So¬ viets. This was not the cause • ot the difficulties. The real reasons are weighty and go far beyond Berlin. The real reasons lie in the decision of the London Foreign Ministers’ conference of the West¬ ern powers, in which the splitting up of Germany and the establish¬ ment of a west German puppet state was decided on. “In the course of implementing the London decisions, the Western powers introduced a separate cur¬ rency reform in western Germany 3 1/2 months ago and thus com¬ pleted the splitting of Germany. They have sought forcibly to intro¬ duce the West mark in Berlin and to use it for extensive disruption of the Soviet Zone and of Berlin, the final aim of which was to force the Soviet occupying power out of the Soviet Zone in Berlin, “It was, therefore, not ’ only the right but even the direct duty of the Soviet to take the necessary counter-measures in order to save the Soviet-occupation zone in Ber¬ lin from economic decay and chaos, to secure further democratic con¬ struction of, the economy and to safeguard the rights of Russia as an occupying power in Germany.