Full Citation

  • Title De Gaulle Blocks Reich Policy
  • Author Hill, Russell Special to the European Edition
  • Publication Title New York Herald Tribune (European Edition)
  • Collection New York Herald Tribune (European Edition)
  • Date Wednesday,  Oct. 17, 1945
  • Issue Number 19501
  • Page Number 2
  • Place of Publication Paris, France
  • Language English
  • Document Type Article
  • Publication Section News
  • Source Library The New York Times Company
De Gaulle Blocks Reich Policy French Attitude Hinders Efforts to Implement Allies’ Potsdam Decisions in Germany By Russell Hill Special to Thu European Edition BERLIN, Oct. 15.—General Charles de Gaulle, President of the French Provisional Government, has offered the most serious chal¬ lenge yet to be faced by the Allied leaders in Germany who nave been charged with implementing the Potsdam declaration, political experts here believe * believe. General de Gaulle has success¬ fully blocked efforts by the Allied Control Council, whose function' is to govern Germany, to create na¬ tional administrative departments, This was to have been the first Step toward breaking down the artificial zonal frontiers, which have acted as economic barriers and have contributed toward keep¬ ing the German economy paralyzed, The government headed by Gen¬ eral de Gaulle does not wish to see Germany restored as a national entity, as he himself recently made clear, The French point opt that they were net invited to Potsdam and are not bound to abide by decisions made in their absence, Many Allied leaders here say it has now become obvious that France should either have boon asked to participate in the Potsdam ihld t b a ppa discussions or should not have been invited to take part in the quadri¬ partite rule of Germany, At the very least, these leaders say, the French should have been asked to endorse the principles laid down at Potsdam before being given joint responsibility for translating them into fact Bad Faith Charged There is widespread feeling among non-Frenchmen here that France acted in bad faith in ac¬ cepting a place on the body that was to work out joint rule over Germany and then waiting for months before making it clear that France does not really favor joint rule, In some American quarters there is still a hope that the stiff French attitude is largely a pre¬ election vote-catching device and will change after October gi, when the national election is to be held, Observers who know General de Gaulle, however, do not believe he, personally, would back down from a stand he has taken on an issue he deems vital to France, It may be said that General de Gaulle has precipitated a crisis that could not be indefinitely postponed, Up until now it has not been clear whether the Potsdam decisions could be put into practice and Ger¬ many would be treated as an en¬ tity, or whether the East-West aleavage that already exists would be further emphasized until the boundary that rung from the Baltic Sea to the Czechoslovak border be* came an unbreakable steel barrier. It now seems likely that the next month or two will tell whieh way things are to go in Germany, if France wins out, the Western zone versus the Eastern zone tendency in Europe will crystallize. In that event the greatest fear of many Westerners will probably become a reality and the frontiers of Russia will for all practical purposes be across the Elbe, Allied Unity Important Much will depend on whither the other three Allies can stick to¬ gether to defend Pptsdam. The United states has taken the lead in the efforts to break down the zonal boundaries, The Russians have been willing to go along on such things as forming central ad¬ ministrations for Germany, The official Soviet polley Is still modeled on Potsdam, but the "Eastern bloc,” which the Russians say they are not fostering, may be regarded as their aee In the hole, It will be there, if the quadripartite rule of Germany and international co¬ operation In Europe fail, A great deal may depend on the British attitude. The Bi'iftsh have subscribed to Potsdam, but do not look entirely askance at the “West¬ ern bloc" idea. Possibly they con¬ sider it their ace in the hole. Time Runs Out The above-mentioned political ex¬ perts are convinced that" if America and Britain realty want to, they can force France either to back down or t© back out of Germany. The Russians undoubtedly believe this, too, and will draw their own conclusions on the results. Meanwhile, time runs out, Lieute. n&nt General Lucius D, Clay,. American Deputy Military Gov¬ ernor for Germany, who has been pressing for the formation of cen¬ tral German administrations, ad¬ mits that if they are net formed soon, the United States will have to create its own zonal govern¬ ment, Re says if this happens it will not mean the total abandonment of the schemes for the joint central administration of Germany, but if will make that goal much more dif¬ ficult to achieve, The matter is now out of the hands of the Allied oontroi Council and must be settled at the governmental level, if }f can be settled at all,