Full Citation

  • Title Reagan Exhorts Gorbachev to Dismantle Wall
  • Author Cannon, Lou Washington Post Service
  • Publication Title International Herald Tribune (European Edition)
  • Collection International Herald Tribune (European Edition)
  • Date Saturday-Sunday,  June 13, 1987-June 14, 1987
  • Issue Number 32441
  • Page Number [1]
  • Place of Publication Paris, France
  • Language English
  • Document Type Article
  • Publication Section News
  • Source Library The New York Times Company
Reagan Exhorts Gorbachev to Dismantle Wall ifiMiii ia 11^11111$ MSIhIISS I§3*111 ■ . .... $ m m t m i lit >4 I i i > m : ili ■■■ im ■ I 'j m m !4 I % V iff, jggtj?* 4 * * m |! m - Bill Creighton/Reuters President Ronald Reagan speaking Friday before the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin. By Lou Cannon Washington Post Service BERLIN — President Ronald Reagan stood before the Branden- burg Gate, the symbol of Europe’s division, on Friday and challenged Mikhail S. Gorbachev to create a new era of freedom by dismantling te Berlin Wall. “Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate,” said Mr. Reagan. “Mr. Gor- bachev, tear down this wall.” . . , The speech was intended as a dramatic capstone of Mr. Reagan s 10-day trip to Europe The setting was stark, with East German sen¬ tries watching through binoculars from atop the Brandenburg Gate. U.S. officials, however, were visi¬ bly disappointed in the reaction of the carefully selected crowd, which had been supplied with hundreds of U.S. flags. Even though Ameri- cans predominated in the front rows of the audience, many of Mr. Reagan’s most provocative lines re- ceived only scattered applause. The audience did explode with a roar of approval for Mr. Reagan’s “tear down the wall” exhortation to the Soviet leader, intended as the rhetorical highlight of his speech. But the crowd, estimated by offi- cja^s at 20,000, was about half the s*ze that had been anticipated, Mr. Reagan was protected by unusually tight security measures' following a night of demonstra¬ tions in which hundreds of militant leuftists st°ned the Polic®’ l°oted schoPs and overtarned parked cars, Sixty-seven policemen were in- lured, one seriously, and 77 demon- strators were arrested. Twenty-four of them were charged with disturb. ■ the The pohce said, however, that the violence was less than when Mr. Reagan visited Berlin in 1982. That year he toured the wall but spoke at another location. Fnday were personally addressed to Mr. Gorbachev, whom he met at summit meetings in Geneva in 1985 and las* Year *n Reykjavik, Iceland, Parts of Mr. Reagan’s speech Observing that Mr. Gorbachev had relaxed some controls and hinted at “a new policy of reform and freedom,” he called upon the Soviet leader to show that the changes amounted to more than “token gestures.” Be^re. ^ speech Mr. Reagan visited the Reichstag, site of the German parliament before World ^arIL Throu^i bulletproof glass, he looked east at the guard tur e s dien photographed SS a e s p otog apnea mm wRFAfAN See "EAGAN, Page 5 He then said that tearing down the wall would be the “one sign the Soviets can make that would be REAGAN: End to Watt Is Urged (Continued from Page 1) crosses where people trying to flee East Germany had been shot down and buried, Mr. Reagan was asked if he could ever get Mr. Gorbachev to tear down the wall. “Well, Jericho didn’t last forev- er,” he replied. The official East German reac- tion to Mr. Reagan’s call to remove the wall was negative. The state news agency ADN commented, “Many citizens of West Berlin share the opinion that this kind of proposal will not make the wall go away, but on the contrary will cause it to grow higher.” Mr. Rea§an used the sPeech to advance two of his favorite foreign policy themes: that freedom is a prerequisite of prosperity, and that peace depends on “defenses of un- assailable strength.” He said economic and political freedom had enabled West Berlin- ers to rebuild “a city that once again ranks as one of the greatest on earth.” Contrasting the political systems jn the west with those under Soviet influence, Mr. Reagan said: “In the West today we see a free world that has achieved a level of prosperity and well-being unprecedented in all human history. In the Commu- nist world, we see failure, techno- logical backwardness, declining standards of health.” Mr. Reagan has been making speeches on this topic for more than four decades, and used a near- ly ldentical Passage in a speech in Berlin m 1982- This time, though, he took pointed note of changes occurring in the Soviet Union un- der Mr. Gorbachev, saying that “now the Soviets themselves may in a limited way be coming to under- stand the importance of freedom.” There was nothing conciliatory, however, about Mr Reagan’s de- scription of the Berlin Wall. He called it “a gash of barbed wire, concrete, dog runs and guard towers>” which he said were the symbols and instruments of a to- tal\tarian state- “Standing before the Branden- burg Gate, every man is a German, separated from his fellow men,” Mr. Reagan said in a line that drew applause. “Every man is a Berliner, forced to look upon a scar.” His words recalled the declara- tion of President John F. Kennedy in 1963, when he declared, “Ich bin ein Berliner.” “When President Kennedy spoke at the City Hall those 24 years ago, freedom was encircled, ISKiato hSy.^And freedom itself is transforming the globe." He closed his speech with a refer- ence to the resiliency of Berliners and a prophecy that the wall would eventuaUy come down. Referring to words spray-paint- ed on the Reichstag, Mr. Reagan said: “This wall will fall. It cannot withstand faith. It cannot with- stand tmth. The wall cannot with- stand freedom.” From the wall, Mr. Reagan went to Templehof Airport, where he honored the U.S. airmen who par- ticipated in the Berlin airlift after Bonn, met with Chancellor Helmut Kohl, and left for Washington. In his speech at the wall the pres- ident celebrated the strength of the Western alliance. He said it was “because we remained strong” that the Soviet Union had returned to World War II. Then he went to the bargaining table at Geneva af- ter walking out of arms control negotiations, “Because we remained strong, today we have within reach the pos- sibility, not merely of limiting the growth of arms, but of eliminating for the first time an entire class of nuclear weapons from the face of the earth,” Mr. Reagan said. He made two proposals Friday, one a call to “demonstrate to the world the openness of this city” by holding Olympic Games in the two South Korea and North Korea in 1988. He also suggested that Berlin “serve as the site of United Nations meetings, or world conferences on human rights and arms control or other issues that call for interna- tional cooperation.” .. ■ . Berlins patterned after the games in