Full Citation

  • Title Khrushchev's Next Move
  • Author Drummond, Roscoe
  • Publication Title New York Herald Tribune (European Edition)
  • Collection New York Herald Tribune (European Edition)
  • Date Thursday,  Aug. 31, 1961
  • Issue Number 24455
  • Page Number 4
  • Place of Publication Paris, France
  • Language English
  • Document Type Article
  • Publication Section News
  • Source Library The New York Times Company
Khrushchev’s Next ]\J By Roscoe Drummond B ERLIN.—In the wake of the storm of events which is still swirling around this city, the thing we need to know is where we stand. Is the position of the West in its determination to defend the free¬ dom of West Berlin stronger or weaker? With anguish and frustration, West Berliners are watching the further sealing of the border and are seeing East Berlin re¬ cede behind the Khrushch ev wall. With relief Mr. Drummond and hope, West Berliners are watching for every sign that the West is not deserting them and will resist, by force if necessary, the strangulation of the city. But what of the future? Is the outlook bleaker or better? The candid answer is that while the Western will to secure and -j-j Uf. sustain this surrounded city of 2,250,000 free Germans is visibly stronger than before Khrushchev annexed East Berlin and imprison¬ ed the East German people, there is less to secure and less to sustain. Two Dangers There are two dangers now in¬ stead of one : the danger of gradual strangulation of access from the West and the danger of a gradual drying up of West Berlin itself. The Soviets would win through either course. The spirit of West Berlin has been buffeted and bruised and carnally attacked and some virtue has gone out of her. The city has been severed. Its people have been severed. Homes and families have been severed. And while it is true that the Western Allies are more united than ever in the will to shield the city they occupy by right, there is not as much free- dom to protect as there was before Khrushchev clanged down the Iron Curtain at the Eastern border. There are some who say that the United States, Britain and France bore no responsibility and had no obligation to make it possible for the thousands of East Germans to flee their Communist jail. That is too easy a view. It is partly true, but it is partly untrue. It is true that for some time the Soviets have had the power, by virtue of their massive occupa- tion of East Germany with a 400,- 000-man Red Army, to violate and totally nullify the four-power agreement that the border be¬ tween East and West Berlin would remain open. It is true that for years we have not had the non¬ nuclear military power to prevent the Soviets from flouting at will the right of free travel between the two Berlins which was written into the occupation statute at our insistence. We did have a political and legal obligation to keep the Eastern border open. ed that obligation ^ BecaUse - dion il-, „ years ago does not S, ealitv “Khrushchev Wall” (e an tW^ tion of Western rigul11^ a A fore a blow to the w an<* th ’5' it was a terrible <WC' East Germans who^- Communism in %ere fu ^ Mr K. could 3tShltn^ Fmal Brutality West Berliners w y Khrushchev had the 4, the whole East German Wer to, ; in violation of th? statute, but the 0 witnessed it in^iuts1^ ty they could not but West, rrno’hf tlw *** tel, acquiesce in diluting ol access to West \ÏÏ'* are essential to Its ,...?1'»' »E This is why it y,a: 7rtm that Lyndon Johnson deliver a personal mJLaitle t retreat,” and why of ^ that United States tro0pT?°rN ments, even if i,500 j;eii%Cç hatihote symbolic than militari arrived the moment thp«Wl®ai'*1 But What. n« +it: . ney what of the future? rheie aie two theories’ One is that the suffL,, West Berlin as a res£?b thrusting show - ndei did, ion wiiuBLmg snow window a™ twisting of the Soviet- t and to stem the masriv? East German refugees havï - of situation which KhrushL reate4 live with under little that Moscow can now turn t m °rt; dation with the West over ?' lm irritations” without haL^' demand so much that tin ,1 to modation could be reached aCCOlt1' Graver Crisis The other theory is that, hs.vi, won soynuch^at. virtually V0 ‘J* __ except a bad press in the West1 Khrushchev, riding on the crest #,» success, will become over-confident, will demand the impossible, tv,1 is why many feel that, while the Soviets have already won half their victory, we have seen only the ere. 'M'1Q1C' Tîc’v’1'" crisis over Berlin, that the graw crisis is ahead.