Full Citation

  • Title Cracks in the Soviet Mirror
  • Author Drummond, Roscoe
  • Publication Title New York Herald Tribune (European Edition)
  • Collection New York Herald Tribune (European Edition)
  • Date Friday,  Dec. 22, 1961
  • Issue Number 24552
  • Page Number 4
  • Place of Publication Paris, France
  • Language English
  • Document Type Article
  • Publication Section News
  • Source Library The New York Times Company
Cracks in the Soviet Mirror By Roscoe Drummond WASHINGTON. — The Soviet satellites continue to kick over the traces—and the end is not yet. Certainly all is not well behind the Iron Curtain when you con¬ sider that with¬ in a space of four months: 1—The Krem¬ lin has had to imprison the entire popu¬ lation of East Germany to keep them with¬ in the Soviet bloc. Reason — people too in¬ dependent. 2—The Krem¬ lin has had to break diplomatic relations with Al¬ bania in order to get it out of the Soviet bloc. Reason—government too independent. Moscow’s Eastern European em¬ pire isn’t what it used to be. Stalin couldn’t keep Tito in line and Yugoslavia became the first Soviet satellite to win its inde¬ pendence. Tito wasn’t anti-Com- munist; he just wanted to pursue Communism Yugoslavia's way, not Stalin’s way. Mr. Drummond Stalin'1 s Way The same with Gen. Enver Hoxha, the Albanian leader. He is not anti-Communist; he just wants to pursue Communism Stalin’s way, not Khrushchev’s way. And why did the Kremlin decide that it had to take such extreme measures to discipline little Al¬ bania? Surely not because of the importance of Albania. I think the real explanation is that after Albania dared to assert its inde¬ pendence of Khrushchev’s de- Stalinization, the Kremlin had to make an example of Albania to hold the other satellites in line. Not that the Poles or the East Germans, for example, want to enthrone Stalinism; they don't. They would like to be more anti- Stalinist than Khrushchev. Evidently Mr. Khrushchev would rather lose a little satellite than to abide such independence as the Albanian Communists demon¬ strated. Dogmatist, Revisionist When the top Communist leaders fall out, they throw epithets at each other in a way which makes H. L. Mencken sound like a Sunday school teacher. They know exact¬ ly the words which will most infu¬ riate the other. Khrushchev calls Hoxha an ally of the imperialists and, most revolting of all, a “dog¬ matist.” Hoxha calls Khrushchev a “revisionist” and a violator of “Marxism-Leninism.” At one point in its note to the Soviet Union, the Albanian govern¬ ment declared: “After systematically setting up one economic blockade after anoth¬ er, the blockade of silence and po¬ litical isolation, in order to bring our party to its knees, at the 22d CPSU congress N. Khrushchev went as far as to attack publicly through slanders and vicious accu¬ sations the Albanian Workers party and its leadership and overt- ly launched counterrevolutionary appeals for the overthrow of the leadership of the party and of the Albanian state, thus grossly inter¬ fering in the internal affairs of a sovereign socialist country, a friend and an ally.” Words and Deeds It is interesting to compare what Mr. Adzhubei said to President Kennedy in his recent interview with the real-life facts exposed by the Albanian leader. Mr. Adzhu¬ bei assured the President that the Soviet Union never interferes in the internal affairs of another country, is against exporting either revolution or counterrevolution, and always wants the people to decide the kind of government they want. Gen. Hoxha shows that these words are for foreign con¬ sumption only, that Soviet practice is exactly the opposite. The significance of this new breach in the Soviet bloc goes beyond the tortured relations be¬ tween Albania and Moscow. This time numerous Communist parties are siding with Albania. They didn’t like having the anti-Alba¬ nian line thrust upon them without any advance notice at the Moscow congress. And when Red China spoke out against Moscow’s treat¬ ment of Albania, less than half of the 81 Communist parties joined the Russians in condemning Alba¬ nia. The breach over Albania is like a broken mirror; the break is largest at one point, but the cracks reach out in all directions—to nearly everywhere in the Communist world.