Article Reading Levels
  • Level 3

Document controls

Paiute

Citation metadata

Date: 2015
Publisher: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.
Document Type: Culture overview; Brief article
Length: 192 words
Lexile Measure: 870L

Main content

Full Text: 

The Paiute are Native Americans of the western United States. The tribe is divided into two groups, the Southern Paiute and the Northern Paiute. The Southern Paiute traditionally lived in what is now Utah, Arizona, Nevada, and California. The Northern Paiute lived in what is now Oregon, Idaho, Nevada, and California.

A photograph from the early 1900s shows a Paiute woman making a basket.
A photograph from the early 1900s shows a Paiute woman making a basket.
Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.; photograph, Charles C. Pierce (neg. no. LC-USZ62-104705)

Most of the Paiute traditionally got their food by hunting, fishing, and gathering wild plants. They moved as the seasons changed. They stopped in places where food and water were available. While on the move the Paiute lived in wickiups. Wickiups were simple huts covered with brush.

White traders arrived on Paiute lands in the early 1800s. They offered the Paiute guns and other goods in exchange for furs. In the 1830s and 1840s many settlers traveled through Paiute territory on the way to California and Oregon. Late in the 1800s the U.S. government forced the Paiute to give up their land and move to reservations.

At the end of the 20th century there were about 10,000 Paiute. They lived mostly on or near reservation lands in Arizona, California, Nevada, Oregon, and Utah.

Source Citation

Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|XTCXTB598060631