Smarandache hypothesis: evidences, implications and applications

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Date: Annual 2001
Publisher: Neutrosophic Sets and Systems
Document Type: Article
Length: 1,612 words
Lexile Measure: 1400L

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ABSTRACT: In 1972. Smarandache proposed that there is not a limit speed on the nature, based on the EPR-Bell (Einsteia, Podolsky, Rosen, Bell) paradox. Although it appears that this paradox was solved recently, there are many other evidences that guide us to believe that Smarandache Hypothesis is right on quantum mechanics and even on the new unification theories. If Smarandache Hypothesis turns to be right under any circumstance, some concepts of modern physics would have to be "refit" to agree with Smatandache Hypothesis. Moreover, when the meaning of Smarandache Hypothesis become completely understood, a revolution on technology, specially in communication. will arise.

I. Superluminal Phenomena Evidences and Smarandache Hypothesis

It appears that was Sommerfeld who first noticed the possible existence of faster-than-light particles, later on called tachyons by Feinberg [1]. However, tachyons have imaginary mass, so they had never been detected experimentally. By imaginary mass we understood as a mass prohibited by relativity. However, relativity does not directly forbid the existence of mass less superluminal particles, such as the photon, but suggests that superluminal phenomena would result in time travel. Hence, many physicists assumed that superluminal phenomena does not exist in the universe, otherwise we would have to explain all those "kill your grandfather" paradoxes [2]. A famous example of this sort of paradox is the causality problem.

Nevertheless, quantum mechanics suggest that superluminal communication exist. In fact there are hypothesis on the obligatory existence of superluminal phenomena on nature [3, 4]. The EPR-Bell paradox is the most famous example. Pondering about this paradox, Smarandache also said in 1993, in a lecture on Brazil, that there is no such thing as a limit speed on the universe, as postulated by Einstein (5). It appears that recently this paradox was completely solved by L. E. Szabu (6]. Even so, there are still many more evidences of the infinite speed--or simply instantaneous communication--in the universe, as we shall see briefly.

1.1. The Rodrigues-Maiorino Theory

Studying solutions of Maxwell and Dirac-Weyl equations, Waldyr Rodrigues Jr. and Jose Maiorino were able to propose a full-unified theory for constructions of arbitrary speeds in nature (for arbitrary they meant 0 [less than or equal to] v < [infinity]) in 1996 [7]. They also proposed that there is no such thing as a limit speed in the universe, so that Smarandache Hypothesis can be promoted to theory, as Smarandache-Rodrigues-Maiorino (SRNs) theory.

What is unique about Rodrigues-Maiorino theory is that special relativity...

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A160322307