Chretien de Troyes: Overview

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Editor: Lesley Henderson
Date: 1995
Publisher: Gale
Document Type: Critical essay
Length: 587 words

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Chrétien de Troyes brought the nascent romance form to one of its highest points and gave Arthurian characters and situations their courtly cast. Some of his early works—adaptations of Ovid and a version of the Tristan story—have not survived; others are of doubtful attribution or of marginal interest (the Philomena, the Guillaume d'Angleterre, and two short lyrical poems); on the other hand, his five major romances have earned him great critical acclaim. A product of the revival of interest in the classics, notably Ovid, and of the vogue of Celtic tales and of courtly love, these compositions written in octosyllabic rhymed couplets are among the most sophisticated literary creations of the 12th-century Renaissance. Chrétien was encouraged and probably supported for a while by Countess Marie of Champagne, daughter of King Louis VII of France and Eleanor of Aquitaine.

Erec et Énide (Erec and Énide) is...

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Gale Document Number: GALE|H1420009204