Clinical efficacy of sublingual immunotherapy is associated with restoration of steady-state serum lipocalin 2 after SLIT: a pilot study

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From: World Allergy Organization Journal(Vol. 11, Issue 1)
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Report
Length: 4,261 words
Lexile Measure: 1550L

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Abstract :

Background So far, only a few biomarkers in allergen immunotherapy exist that are associated with a clinical benefit. We thus investigated in a pilot study whether innate molecules such as the molecule lipocalin-2 (LCN2), with implications in immune tolerance demonstrated in other fields, may discriminate A) between allergic and non-allergic individuals, and B) between patients clinically responding or non-responding to sublingual allergen immunotherapy (SLIT) with house dust mite (HDM) extract. Moreover, we assessed haematological changes potentially correlating with allergic symptoms. Methods LCN2-concentrations were assessed in sera of healthy and allergic subjects (n = 126) as well as of house dust mite (HDM) allergics before and during HDM- sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial for 24 weeks. Sera pre-SLIT (week 0), post-SLIT (week 24) and 9 months after SLIT were assessed for LCN2 levels and correlated with total nasal symptom scores (TNSS) obtained during chamber challenge at week 24 in patients receiving HDM- (n = 31) or placebo-SLIT (n = 10). Results Allergic individuals had significantly (p Conclusion Serum LCN2 concentrations 9 months off-SLIT correlated with clinical reactivity in allergic patients. An increase in the LCN2 levels 9 months after HDM-SLIT was associated with a clinical benefit. Serum LCN2 may thus contribute to assess clinical reactivity in allergic patients. Trial registration Part of the data were generated from Identifier NCT01644617. Keywords: Lipocalin 2, Sublingual immunotherapy, Allergen, Clinical efficacy, Innate

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A556487365