Glioma stem cells invasive phenotype at optimal stiffness is driven by MGAT5 dependent mechanosensing.

Citation metadata

Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Document Type: Article
Length: 7,273 words
Lexile Measure: 1500L

Document controls

Main content

Abstract :

Background Glioblastomas stem-like cells (GSCs) by invading the brain parenchyma, remains after resection and radiotherapy and the tumoral microenvironment become stiffer. GSC invasion is reported as stiffness sensitive and associated with altered N-glycosylation pattern. Glycocalyx thickness modulates integrins mechanosensing, but details remain elusive and glycosylation enzymes involved are unknown. Here, we studied the association between matrix stiffness modulation, GSC migration and MGAT5 induced N-glycosylation in fibrillar 3D context. Method To mimic the extracellular matrix fibrillar microenvironments, we designed 3D-ex-polyacrylonitrile nanofibers scaffolds (NFS) with adjustable stiffnesses by loading multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT). GSCs neurosphere were plated on NFSs, allowing GSCs migration and MGAT5 was deleted using CRISPR-Cas9. Results We found that migration of GSCs was maximum at 166 kPa. Migration rate was correlated with cell shape, expression and maturation of focal adhesion (FA), Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) proteins and ([beta]1,6) branched N-glycan binding, galectin-3. Mutation of MGAT5 in GSC inhibited N-glycans ([beta]1-6) branching, suppressed the stiffness dependence of migration on 166 kPa NFS as well as the associated FA and EMT protein expression. Conclusion MGAT5 catalysing multibranched N-glycans is a critical regulators of stiffness induced invasion and GSCs mechanotransduction, underpinning MGAT5 as a serious target to treat cancer. Keywords: Mechanotransduction, 3D-nanofibre scaffold, Biomaterial, Stiffness, Glycosylation, Mgat5, Galectin, Focal adhesion, EMT, Migration, Glioblastoma

Source Citation

Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A661417508