Hydrothermal Organic Geochemistry (HOG) sampler for deployment on deep-sea submersibles.

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Date: July 2021
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 368 words

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Keywords Hydrothermal; Organic geochemistry; Microbiology; Water sampler Highlights (3--5 bullet points, maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point) * Sampler built for collecting hydrothermal fluid and filter samples. * Designed for collecting large (2--9 L) volumes and be 'clean' for organics. * Successfully deployed at three hydrothermal fields during two ocean cruises. Abstract The fate of carbon while passing through the rocky subseafloor of the ocean has direct implications on the global carbon cycle now and over geologic time, as well as the abundance and distribution of subseafloor life. Many organic geochemical studies require larger volumes of fluids than traditional hydrothermal samplers can provide, and also require rigorous steps to be taken to prevent contamination. The Hydrothermal Organic Geochemistry (HOG) sampler is designed to collect large volume (2--9 L) fluid samples with minimal introduction of organic or microbial contamination, and to be powered and deployed in real time from a submersible. Additional design constraints include utilizing materials appropriate for sampling fluids with elevated temperatures, fitting the sampler into the space available on the submersible, and minimizing the time needed to remove samples and prepare the sampler for re-deployment between dives. It utilizes two inlets, one devoted to natural abundance geochemistry and one that can be used for samples pre-dosed with isotopic labels or preservatives. Temperature probes providing real-time data are incorporated into each inlet to facilitate positioning the intake in areas of the hottest fluid flow, thereby minimizing entrainment of ambient bottom seawater while sampling. Fluids are shunted through two main conduits by a large volume pump. Smaller ports stemming off the main conduit connect to positive displacement fluid sample chambers and in situ filters. The outlets of these chambers and filter holders are connected to a 24-port valve, which in turn is connected to a small volume pump. The HOG sampler has successfully collected over 100 high purity fluid samples and 50 in situ filters during two expeditions to deep sea hydrothermal fields. Author Affiliation: (a) University of South Carolina, School of the Earth, Ocean, and Environment, Columbia, SC, USA * Corresponding author. Article History: Received 17 May 2020; Revised 9 February 2021; Accepted 26 March 2021 Byline: Susan Q. Lang [slang@geol.sc.edu] (a,*), Bryan Benitez-Nelson (a)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A664259227