Vitamin A deficiency alters rat neutrophil function

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From: The Journal of Nutrition(Vol. 127, Issue 4)
Publisher: American Institute of Nutrition
Document Type: Article
Length: 308 words

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Abstract :

Previous studies showed a higher percentage of neutrophils from vitamin A deficient rats are hyper-segmented and contain lower levels of cathepsin G than the neutrophils from control rats. In this study chemotaxis, phagocytosis and oxidant generation were studied using either isolated neutrophils or neutrophils in whole blood from four dietary groups of rats: 1) vitamin A deficient rats; 2) vitamin A deficient rats that received vitamin A for 16, 8, 4 or 2 d prior to killing; 3) weight-matched rats pair-fed a vitamin A-complete diet; and 4) rats fed nonrestricted, vitamin A complete diet. Chemotaxis towards P. aeruginosa conditioned medium and formylated methinyl leucinyl phenylalanine was significantly lower for neutrophils from vitamin A-deficient rats than for neutrophils from weight-matched pair-fed rats, nonrestricted vitamin A sufficient rats and vitamin A deficient rats that received vitamin A for 16 d prior to killing. No differences in chemotaxis towards activated rat serum were noted among the neutrophils from the four groups of rats. Adhesion of P. aeruginosa organisms, phagocytosis of these organisms and generation of active oxidative molecules were significantly lower in the neutrophils from the vitamin A-deficient rats relative to these functions in the neutrophils from the vitamin A deficient rats that received vitamin A for 16 d, weight-matched rats pair-fed a vitamin A complete diet; and rats fed nonrestricted, vitamin A-complete diet. Eight days after vitamin A administration to vitamin A deficient rats, the ability of the neutrophils to phagocytose P. aeruginosa organisms and to generate active oxidant molecules was restored to the levels observed for weight-matched, pair-fed rats and rats fed nonrestricted, vitamin A complete diet. The elucidated alterations in neutrophil function in vitamin A deficient rats probably contribute to the altered ability of vitamin A deficient rats to fight infections. KEY WORDS: * vitamin A deficiency * neutrophils * phagocytosis * chemotaxis * rats * oxidant generation

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A19417926