EMERGING POWERS IN GLOBAL GOVERNANCE
Lessons from the Heiligendamm Process
Andrew F. Cooper and Agata Antkiewicz, editors
Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2008. 392pp, $39.95 paper (ISBN 978-1-55458-057-6)
Ever since the prime ministers, chancellors, and presidents of the six leading global economies originally met in the Parisian chateau of Rambouillet in November 1975, expansion of this select group--known today as the group of 8, or the G8--has been a topic of discussion for the leaders themselves in addition to policymakers and committed summit-watchers. These summits, it has been argued, are more productive when the membership is limited; however, this raises questions surrounding the credibility of a self-appointed and select grouping like the G8 to decide responses to global issues. Attempts to chart a path between the Scylla of legitimacy and the Charybdis of effectiveness through reform of its membership have included bringing Canada into its embrace as a G7 the second time it met in 1976, in addition to the European Union in 1977 and Russia, in a drawn-out fashion, during the 1990s to create the G8 we know today. As a result, it could be argued that this modern-day recasting of the Concert of Europe has demonstrated greater flexibility than the United Nations security council in pursuing reform. However, in the first decade of the new millennium, the question of how to accommodate emerging powers at the top table of summitry has...