Prevalence and risk factors for grade 2 disability among newly diagnosed leprosy in children and adolescents: a record-based analysis from India.

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From: Leprosy Review(Vol. 93, Issue 1)
Publisher: British Leprosy Relief Association
Document Type: Report
Length: 2,907 words
Lexile Measure: 1630L

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Abstract :

Objectives Leprosy in children is a strong indicator of disease transmission in the community and the rapidity of case detection. Grade 2 disability (G2D) in children denotes a delay in diagnosis, which could be due to delay either at the health care level or in recognition and referral by the family. The current study determines the proportion of G2D among newly diagnosed leprosy-affected children and adolescents and identifies the associated factors. Methods A 5-year retrospective analysis of records of children and adolescents aged Conclusions We report a high rate of G2D among newly diagnosed leprosy cases in children and adolescents, much higher than the reported national average for adults. With such a high occurrence of G2D, the target of having zero disability in childhood cases is unlikely to be met in India in 2020. Early case detection activities with a child focused approach may reduce the delay in diagnosis, preventing leprosy-associated disability in children. Keywords: Leprosy, children, adolescents, grade 2 disability, registration delay, reactions, neuritis

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A698485296