Renal functional effects of multiple-tract percutaneous access

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From: Journal of Endourology(Vol. 23, Issue 12)
Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Document Type: Clinical report
Length: 3,818 words

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Abstract :

Introduction: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) can involve establishing more than one access into the urinary collecting system. The present study examined whether multiple percutaneous accesses results in a more severe reduction in renal function than that after single-percutaneous access. Methods: Adult female pigs were anesthetized, and percutaneous access to the left urinary collecting system was achieved by puncturing the lower pole calyx (single-tract access, n = 16) or serially puncturing the lower pole, interpolar region, and upper pole calyces [multiple (three)-tract access, n = 11]. Renal function measurements included glomerular filtration rate and effective renal plasma flow, and were taken immediately before and 1.5 and 4.5 hours after percutaneous access. We also examined glomerular function in a group of adult patients with normal preoperative serum creatinine (Cr) levels ( Results: Single--and multiple-tract percutaneous access procedures in pigs resulted in a similar renal functional response; both glomerular filtration rate and effective renal plasma flow significantly declined by--60% immediately after access and remained depressed throughout the experimental observation period. A retrospective analysis of patients with normal serum Crs ( Conclusions: Multiple-tract access does not lead to a more severe reduction in renal function than single-tract access; that is, the acute renal hemodynamic response to PCNL appears independent of the number of access tracts.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A214529211