Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement reduces opioid craving, pain, and negative affect among chronic pain patients on long-term opioid therapy: An analysis of within- and between-person state effects.

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Date: May 2022
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 329 words

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Abstract :

Keywords Chronic pain; Pain; Opioid; Craving; Mindfulness; Negative affect Highlights * Individuals with chronic pain are at heightened risk for opioid misuse. * Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement (MORE) is an integrative treatment. * MORE reduced state pain, craving, and negative affect throughout 8 weekly sessions. * Higher levels of curiosity predicted greater improvements in craving. * Decentering and mindfulness practice were associated with improved negative affect. Abstract Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement (MORE) is an integrative treatment that simultaneously addresses chronic pain and opioid misuse. MORE has been found to produce sustained reductions in opioid craving, pain, and negative affect--key risk mechanisms precipitating opioid misuse for patients on long-term opioid therapy (LTOT). However, less is known about MORE's impact on state measures of acute symptoms. We examined the impact of MORE versus a supportive psychotherapy group (SG) among chronic pain patients on LTOT. Mixed models examined session and momentary effects of MORE (n = 50) versus SG (n = 45) on state measures of craving, pain, and negative affect. Decentering, curiosity, and time spent engaging in daily mindfulness practice were examined as session effect predictors. For session effects, statistically significant medium-to-large effects of treatment group were observed in favor of MORE for craving, pain, and negative affect. Higher levels of curiosity predicted improvements in craving, whereas greater decentering and mindfulness practice were associated with improvements in negative affect. For momentary effects, a significant group by time interaction was observed for craving and pain. Findings suggest that MORE provides immediate symptom relief on therapeutic targets in daily life among chronic pain patients receiving LTOT. Author Affiliation: (a) Center on Mindfulness and Integrative Health Intervention Development, University of Utah, United States (b) College of Social Work, University of Utah, United States * Corresponding author. Center on Mindfulness and Integrative Health Intervention Development, University of Utah, United States. Article History: Received 17 November 2021; Revised 16 February 2022; Accepted 18 February 2022 Byline: Anna Parisi (a,b), Adam Wesley Hanley (a,b), Eric L. Garland [eric.garland@socwk.utah.edu] (a,b,*)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A699667852