A systematic review of the literature on interpretation bias and its physiological correlates.

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Date: Sept. 2022
From: Biological Psychology(Vol. 173)
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Document Type: Report; Brief article
Length: 370 words

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Abstract :

Keywords Interpretation bias; Physiology; Physiological markers; Emotional disorders; Cognitive bias modification Highlights * Negative interpretation bias is a causal and maintaining process in emotional disorders. * An under-explored area of interpretation bias research concerns the examination of potential physiological correlates of this bias. * The present review systematically examined the potential physiological correlates and sequalae of negative interpretation bias. * The theoretical and clinical implications of the review findings are discussed. Abstract An important, yet under-explored area of interpretation bias research concerns the examination of potential physiological correlates and sequalae of this bias. Developing a better understanding of the physiological processes that underpin interpretation biases will extend current theoretical frameworks underlying interpretation bias, as well as optimise the efficacy of cognitive bias modification for interpretation (CBM-I) interventions aimed at improving symptoms of emotional disorders. To this end, systematic searches were conducted across the Web of Science, PsycInfo and Pubmed databases to identify physiological markers of interpretation bias. In addition, grey literature database searches were conducted to compliment peer-reviewed research and to counter publication bias. From a combined initial total of 898 records, 15 studies were included in qualitative synthesis (one of which was obtained from the grey literature). Eligible studies were assessed using a quality assessment tool adapted from the Quality Checklist for Healthcare Intervention Studies. The searches revealed seven psychophysiological correlates of interpretation bias, namely event-related potentials, heart rate and heart rate variability, respiratory sinus arrythmia, skin conductance response, pupillometry, and electromyography. The respective theoretical and practical implications of the research are discussed, followed by recommendations for future research. Author Affiliation: (a) School of Psychology, University of Sussex, Falmer, UK (b) Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK (c) Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy (d) Functional Neuroimaging Laboratory, IRCCS Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy (e) Department of Primary Care and Mental Health, Institute of Population Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK * Correspondence to: School of Psychology, Pevensey 1 Building, University of Sussex, Falmer BN1 9QH, UK. Article History: Received 13 February 2022; Revised 1 July 2022; Accepted 13 July 2022 Byline: A. Collins (a), R.B. Scott (a), C.R. Hirsch (b), C. Ottaviani (c,d), C. Krahé (e), F. Meeten [frances.meeten@sussex.ac.uk] (a,*)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A714213985