Assessment of initial SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence in the most affected districts in the municipality of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

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Publisher: Contexto
Document Type: Report
Length: 4,308 words
Lexile Measure: 1680L

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Abstract :

Background: Sao Paulo city has been one of the regions most affected by the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. Frequent asymptomatic and oligosymptomatic infections and poor access to diagnostic tests make serosurveys crucial to monitor the magnitude ofthe epidemic and to inform public health policies, such as vaccination plans. Objectiues: To estimate, early in the epidemic, the seroprevalence of antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 in adults living in the six most affected districts in Saao Paulo city, and to assess potential associated risk factors. Methods: This was a cross-sectional population-based survey of 1,152 households randomly selected from 72 census tracts. During the period May 4-12, 2020, 463 participants completed a questionnaire on sociodemographic characteristics and history of symptoms in the past two weeks, and provided a blood sample. Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies was the outcome of interest and was estimated based on results of two immunoassays, Maglumi SARS-CoV-2 chemiluminescence assay Immunoglobulin (Ig) M (IgM) and IgG, and Roche electrochemiluminescence assay total Ig. Serum samples reactive to either assay were considered positive. Results: Weighted overall seroprevalence was 6% (95%CI 3.9-8.3%). No association was observed between seropositivity and sex, age group or education level. Participants who reported black and brown skin color showed a 2.7 fold higher prevalence than people with white skin (p = 0.007). Among the 30 seropositive individuals, 14 (46.6%) reported no COVID-19 compatible symptoms in the past two weeks. Conclusion: This study represents the first assessment of SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence in the city ofSaao Paulo and 6% is the baseline estimate ofa series ofpopulation-based seropreva-lence surveys. Serological screening using sound serological assays is the key tool to monitoring temporal and geographic changes in the spread of the virus through an important epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. Ultimately, it may inform prevention and control efforts.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A681748698