Changes in the Presence of Nonnutritive Sweeteners, Sugar Alcohols, and Free Sugars in Australian Foods.

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Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers
Document Type: Report
Length: 530 words

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Keywords Nonnutritive sweetener; Processed foods; Food supply; Free sugars Abstract Background In parallel with growing consumer interest in reducing sugar intake, manufacturers have increased availability of food and beverage products containing nonnutritive sweeteners (NNSs). However, emerging evidence indicates that specific NNS types have differential effects on cardiometabolic health. Objective This study examined overall changes in the presence of NNSs, sugar alcohols, and free sugars in the Australian food supply and the use of specific NNS types. Participants/setting Data for 21,051 products in 2015 and 21,366 products in 2019 were extracted from The George Institute's FoodSwitch database. Main outcome measures The proportion of products containing NNSs, sugar alcohols, free sugars, and a combination of these, as well as proportion of products containing specific NNS types. Statistical analyses performed Changes between 2015 and 2019 were examined using Pearson [chi].sup.2 tests. Results Between 2015 and 2019, there was a significant increase in the proportion of food and beverage products containing NNSs (from 3.8% to 4.3%; P Conclusions These findings on the use of different NNS, sugar alcohol, and free sugar ingredients and combinations provide important research insights and will be useful in informing government policies that address sugars and other sweeteners in Australian foods. Author Affiliation: (1) Department of Nutrition, Gillings Global School of Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, USA (2) Food Policy Division, The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales, Newtown, Australia (3) Discipline of Food and Nutritional Science, School of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (4) Discipline of Exercise and Sport Science, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia * Address correspondence to: Elizabeth Dunford, PhD, Carolina Population Center CB # 8120 Carolina Square, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-3997. Article History: Received 3 May 2021; Accepted 30 November 2021 (footnote) Supplementary materials:, , , and and are available at (footnote) STATEMENT OF POTENTIAL CONFLICT OF INTEREST No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. (footnote) FUNDING/SUPPORT A. Jones is supported by a National Health and Medical Research Council Investigator Grant 1196831. D. H. Coyle is supported by an Australian Government Research Training Program Scholarship. (footnote) AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS All authors were involved in the design of this research. E. Dunford conducted this research and drafted the paper with significant input from all other authors. All authors had joint primary responsibility for final content. Byline: Elizabeth K. Dunford, PhD [] (1,2,*), Daisy H. Coyle, PhD (2), Jimmy Chun Yu Louie, PhD (2,3), Kieron Rooney, PhD (4), Anneliese Blaxland, MSc (4), Simone Pettigrew, PhD (2), Alexandra Jones, PhD (2)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A700982610