The Effect of Care Pathways on Coronary Care Nurses: A Preliminary Study.

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From: Quality Management in Health Care(Vol. 31, Issue 3)
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, WK Health
Document Type: Report
Length: 423 words

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Byline: Hanan Daghash, Department of Nursing Science, Al-Ghad International Colleges for Applied Medical Sciences, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia (Ms Daghash); Department of Nursing, School of Medical and Life Sciences, Sunway University, Bandar Sunway, Malaysia (Dr Abdullah); and University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia (Dr Abdullah); Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (Dr Ismail).; Khatijah Lim Abdullah; Muhammad Dzafir Ismail Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A care pathway is a structured care plan based on best clinical practice for a particular patient group. It reorganizes a complex process by providing structured, standardized care and supportive multidisciplinary teamwork. Although care pathways are used worldwide, the impact and benefit of a care pathway for coronary care practices have been minimally debated. This preliminary study aimed to examine the effect of a care pathway on the autonomy, teamwork, and burnout levels among coronary care nurses in a tertiary hospital. METHODS: A preliminary study was conducted using a pre/posttest one-group quasi-experimental design. A self-administered questionnaire was provided to 37 registered nurses from the cardiac ward of a tertiary hospital. The care pathway was developed on the basis of the current literature, local guidelines, and expert panel advice. The autonomy, teamwork, and burnout levels at the beginning and 4 months after disseminating the care pathway were measured. Implementing the care pathway included educational sessions, training in using the care pathway, and site visits to monitor nursing practices. RESULTS: Most of the respondents were female (94.6%; n = 35), the median age of the respondents was 26.5 years (interquartile range [IQR] = 23-31), and the median length of the clinical experience was 4 years (IQR = 2-8). A statistically significant reduction in the mean burnout score was observed (mean of 58.12 vs 52.69, P CONCLUSION: The care pathway was associated with reduced nurse burnout. The results showed a slight improvement in autonomy level among coronary care nurses after implementing the care pathway. From a practical viewpoint, the current study can help policy makers and managers reduce burnout. This study highlights the importance of using care pathways as a tool to reorganize the care process and improve the working environment. Managers must support nursing decisions and provide continuous education to enhance nurses' autonomy, which may increase understanding of respective roles, leading to higher levels of teamwork. However, with a small sample size, caution must be applied, as the findings might not be generalizable.

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A707820651