The Effect of Lymphoedema Exercises and Foot Elevation on the Quality of Life of Patients with Elephantiasis.

Citation metadata

Date: June 30, 2020
From: Journal of Tropical Medicine(Vol. 2020)
Publisher: Hindawi Limited
Document Type: Article
Length: 4,325 words
Lexile Measure: 1260L

Document controls

Main content

Abstract :

Filariasis is a chronic infectious disease caused by filarial worms. Swelling in the legs in patients with filariasis can result in a significantly lower quality of life. The recommended treatments for patients who experience swelling or lymphoedema are lymphoedema exercises and foot elevation. This research is a quantitative study with a quasi -experimental design including pre-and posttreatment tests with a control group. This study used a cluster sampling method, which is a nonprobability sampling technique. The samples in this study were 48 respondents divided into two groups: 24 respondents from the Nebe Village comprising the intervention group and 24 respondents from the Bangkoor Village comprising the control group. The intervention group conducted lymphoedema exercises and foot elevation three times a week for 15-20 min for 1 month and measured their quality of life using the LFSQQ questionnaire. Measurements of pitting edema and ankle diameter were also carried out. Paired ttest revealed an improvement in the quality of life between pretest and posttest in the intervention and control groups (p = 0.001). The quality of life in the pre-post intervention group improved from 67.42 to 81.58. In addition, the quality of life in the pre-post control group only improved from 62.50 to 72.58. The level of pitting edema decreased from severe (+++) to moderate (++) and from mild (+) to normal (0), and there was no difference in ankle diameter in each group (p = 1.000). The quality of life improved before and after the administration of lymphoedema exercises and foot elevation for each group. Pitting edema decreased before and after lymphoedema exercises and foot elevation for each group. There was no decrease in ankle diameter after lymphoedema exercises and foot elevation in the intervention and control groups.

Source Citation

Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A632775542