ELIZA CANTY-JONES: Good evening, and thank you, everyone, for joining us for tonight's "reflection roundtable." We begin tonight's program as we often do our events, by taking a moment to acknowledge that wherever we are in Oregon, and indeed anywhere in the Americas, we are on Indigenous land. I'm speaking to you tonight from Portland, which is located on the homelands of the Multnomah, Kathlamet, Clackamas, Tumwater, Watlala bands of the Chinook, the Tualatin Kalapuya, and the many other Indigenous nations of the Columbia River. We take this time to honor those people's ancestral and ongoing connections to this place and also to recognize the violence that attended other people's coming and settling here. And we encourage everyone to spend some time learning about the Indigenous peoples on whose land you live, work, or play here in Oregon.
Just two days ago, Dr. Joanne Freeman joined us for a virtual presentation on her book, The Field of Blood: Violence in Congress and the Road to the Civil War. As increasing numbers of people become vaccinated, it seems that, where the virus is concerned, our worst days are gone. Violence in politics, however, has increased in recent months. Something we've gained through the pandemic is the opportunity to create new programs, and tonight's is part of a series designed to allow us to reflect on the Mark O. Hatfield Lecture Series presentations.
Through these new reflection roundtables, we have the opportunity to listen in on conversations among historians and community leaders that enable us to bring the Hatfield lectures home to Oregon. We are grateful to our sponsors, whose unwavering support of OHS [Oregon Historical Society] and the work of the Hatfield series has allowed us to persist into the virtual realm, including by bringing Amanda Tyler and John Meacham and two more reflection roundtables to audiences this spring.
I'll introduce tonight's panelists and our facilitator, who has a number of questions prepared. Please feel free to add your own. William L. Lang is author and editor of several books on Pacific Northwest history and the history of the northern plains, including Confederacy of Ambition: William Winlock Miller and the Making of Washington Territory. Dr. Lang is currently completing a biography of Joel Palmer, who was Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the Oregon territory during the 1850s. Jeffrey Ostler is the Beekman Professor of Northwest and Pacific History at the University of Oregon. He specializes in the history of the American West, with an emphasis on American Indian history. Dr. Ostler's publications include Prairie Populism: The Fate of Agrarian Radicalism in Kansas, Nebraska, and Iowa; The Plains Sioux and U.S. Colonialism from Lewis and Clark to Wounded Knee; The Lakotas and The Black Hills; and, most recently, Surviving Genocide: Native Nations and the United States from the American Revolution to Bleeding Kansas. Stacey L. Smith is Associate Professor of History at Oregon State University. She is the author of Freedom's Frontier: California and the Struggle over Unfree Labor, Emancipation, and Reconstruction,...