Perceptions of Weight Loss in Older Adults Following a 6-Month Weight Loss Program: A Qualitative Research Study.

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Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers
Document Type: Report
Length: 422 words

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Keywords Older adults; Weight loss; Qualitative research; Obesity; Sarcopenia Abstract Background Obesity in older adults contributes to increasing comorbidities and decreased quality of life. There is limited research that includes older adults' perspectives on weight loss. Objective The purpose of this qualitative study was to gain a better understanding of older adults' perceptions and experiences related to weight loss immediately after a 6-month weight loss intervention. Design A qualitative research design using semi-structured interviews conducted as part of a larger research study exploring weight loss and/or aerobic exercise on muscle inflammation. Participants/setting A sample of community-based older adults (n = 11) in Southwestern Ohio were recruited from September 2018 through August 2019 after completion of a 6-month weight loss intervention. Eligible participants were older than 58 years, with a body mass index (calculated as kg/m.sup.2) 27, and sedentary with no cognitive deficits. Exclusions included cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and tobacco use. Analysis Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using thematic analysis. Descriptive statistics were used for demographic data. Results Three emergent themes included barriers and challenges to weight loss, which included caregiving roles, challenges with increasing protein intake, and ambivalence to change; personal strategies for success (eg, portion control and meal flexibility); and external strategies for success (eg, visual graphs as feedback measures, alternate measures of success, and social support). Conclusions The results of this qualitative study provide insight into older adults' experiences with weight loss, which may be considered when designing weight management interventions. However, more research is needed to examine strategies to address the challenges identified by participants in this research study. Future qualitative research should also focus on weight loss perspectives of older adults in other racial and ethnic groups. Author Affiliation: (1) Miami University, Oxford, OH (2) Kettering Health Network, Dayton OH (3) Abilene Christian University, Abilene, TX (4) Andrews University, Berrien Springs, MI (5) University of Georgia, Athens, GA * Address correspondence to: M. Elizabeth Miller, PhD, RDN, LDN, FAND, Miami University, 420 S. Oak St, 100E Phillips, Oxford, OH, 45056. Article History: Received 11 June 2021; Accepted 15 November 2021 (footnote) STATEMENT OF POTENTIAL CONFLICT OF INTEREST No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. (footnote) FUNDING/SUPPORT This project was supported by a grant from the National Institutes of Health R-15 Academic Research Enhancement Award, grant R15AG055923-01. Byline: M. Elizabeth Miller, PhD, RDN, LDN, FAND [] (1,*), Kelsie Newton, MS, RDN, LDN (2), Audrey Bailey (1), Chantal Monnier (3), Isabella Hoersten (4), Iris Puthoff (1), Abigail Klinker (5), Kyle L. Timmerman, PhD (1)

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Gale Document Number: GALE|A700982609