Whole body kinematic sex differences persist across non-dimensional gait speeds.

Citation metadata

From: PLoS ONE(Vol. 15, Issue 8)
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Document Type: Report
Length: 7,403 words
Lexile Measure: 1470L

Document controls

Main content

Abstract :

Sex differences in human locomotion are of interest in a broad variety of interdisciplinary applications. Although kinematic sex differences have been studied for many years, the underlying reasons behind several noted differences, such as pelvis and torso range of motion, are still not well understood. Walking speed and body size in particular represent confounding influences that hinder our ability to determine causal factors. The purpose of this study was to investigate sex differences in whole body gait kinematics across a range of controlled, non-dimensional walking and running speeds. We hypothesized that as task demand (i.e. gait speed) increased, the influences of modifiable factors would decrease, leading to a kinematic motion pattern convergence between sexes. Motion capture data from forty-eight healthy young adults (24 M, 24 F) wearing controlled footwear was captured at three walking and three running Froude speeds. Spatiotemporal metrics, center of mass displacement, and joint/segment ranges of motion were compared between sexes using 2x6 mixed-model ANOVAs. Three dimensional time-series waveforms were also used to describe the time-varying behavior of select joint angles. When controlling for size, sex differences in spatiotemporal metrics and center of mass displacement disappeared. However, contrary to our hypothesis, sagittal plane ankle, frontal plane pelvis, and transverse plane pelvis and torso range of motion all displayed sex differences that persisted or increased with gait speed. Overall, most spatiotemporal sex differences appear to be related to size and self-selection of gait speeds, while in contrast, sex differences in joint motion may be more inherent and ubiquitous than previously thought. Discussion on potential causal factors is presented.

Source Citation

Source Citation   

Gale Document Number: GALE|A633048853